BioAS Chapter 13 Classification summary

Print this FlashCard
Question Answer
What does classification mean? Putting things into groups
What is a taxonomic classification system? Organisms are placed into groups called taxa, which have a hierarchical organisation
What do biologists use? Natural classification
What is natural classification? Organisms are grouped into taxa according to how closely we believe they are related
What do species share? Physical and physiological characteristics, and that can interbreed to produce fertile offspring, are the most closely related
Closely related species are placed into the same ….. Genus, genera into families and then upwards into orders classes, phyla and kingdoms
Each species has what? A unique binomial
What species do humans belong to? Homo sapiens
What were the early classification systems based on? Similarities in observable features
How can we work out relationships today? We use similarities and differences in metabolism and in DNA base sequences
What are the five kingdoms? Prokaryota, Protocista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia
What are the three domains? Bacteria, Archaea and Eukaryota

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *