Ch 13 diseases

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Term Definition
ather fatty plaque
aut self
cerebell cerebellum
cerebr cerebrum
embol plug
gli glue
gnos knowledge
later side
my muscle
myel spinal cord, myelin
narc numbness
poli grey
scler hard
thromb clot
-ion process
-lepsy seizure
-malacia softening
-plegia paralysis
-troph development
agnosia the loss of the ability to interpret sensory information
Alzheimer disease (AD) when the brain undergoes gradual deterioration resulting in confusion, short term memory loss, and restlessness
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) progressive loss of muscle caused by hardening of nervous tissue on the lateral columns of the spinal cord
autism a developmental disorder characterized by withdrawal from outward reality and impaired development in social conduct and communication
palsy muscular paralysis
Bell palsy paralysis of face muscles on one side due to damage to the seventh cranial nerve
cerebellitis inflammation of the cerebellum
aneurysm a bulge in the wall of a weakened blood vessel that is in danger of bursting
cerebral aneurysm a bulge in the arteries of the brain
cerebral atherosclerosis vessels in the brain gradually close due to the accumulation of fatty plaques, reducing blood flow to the brain
cerebral embolism a moving blood clot in an artery of the brain
cerebral thrombosis a stationary blood clot in an artery of the brain
cerebral hemorrhage bleeding from the blood vessels of the cerebrum
cerebral palsy (CP) partial muscle paralysis apparent at birth or shortly after
cerebrovascular accident stroke, occurs when blood supply to the brain is reduced or cut off, resulting in the irreversible death of brain cells
coma abnormally decreased consciousness
concussion injury to soft tissue resulting from a blow or violent shaking
cerebral concussion cerebrum is damaged when it strikes against the inside wall of the cranium
traumatic brain injury (TBI) a more severe brain injury that involves bleeding that can result in functional losses and death
encephalitis inflammation of the brain
encephalomalacia softening of brain tissue
epilepsy a brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizures caused by a sudden, uncontrolled burst of electrical activity in the brain
glioma a tumor of glial cells
hydrocephalus congenital disease caused by an abnormally increased volume of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain ventricles of a child before the cranial sutures have sealed, resulting in enlargement of the cranium and sometimes brain damage
meningioma benign tumor of the meninges
meningitis inflammation of the meninges
meningocele protrusion of the meninges
meningomyelocele protrusion of the meninges and spinal cord through a defective opening in the spinal column
spina bifida congenital disease of meningoceles
multiple sclerosis (MS) deterioration of the myelin sheath covering axons in the brain
myelitis inflammation of the spinal cord
narcolepsy a sleep disorder characterized by sudden, uncontrollable episodes of sleep, attacks of paralysis, and dreams intruding into the wakeful state
neuritis inflammation of a nerve
polyneuritis inflammation of many nerves
neuroma a tumor originating from neurons
neuropathy damage to peripheral nerves due to any cause
polyneuropathy multiple areas of the body affected due to damaged nerves
paraplegia muscles of the legs and lower body are paralyzed
monoplegia one limb is paralyzed
hemiplegia one side of the body is paralyzed
quadriplegia paralysis from the neck down, all four limbs
Parkinson disease a chronic degenerative disease of the brain characterized by tremors, rigidity, and shuffling gait
poliomyelitis inflammation of the grey matter of the spinal cord, often resulting in paralysis
ventriculitis inflammation of the ventricles in the brain

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