Chapter 11

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Question Answer
Where do most legislators begin their political career? Local politics
Which best defines a constituent? Residents of an electoral district represented by an elected official
Which lawmakers must be a at least 30 years of age and a US citizen for at least 9 years? US Senators
Based on informal qualifications lawmakers are excepted to meet today, a person with which of the following qualities is most likely to become a lawmaker? a college degree and a background in business or law
What determines the number of seats in the Senate? The number of seats depends on each state's population
Appointment is the process of… Dividing the House seats among the states according to each state's population
Which of there events triggers reapportionment of seats in the House of Representatives? A census conducted every 10 years
You are a new house member. You represent your district by responding directly to the needs of your constituents. This means that you see your job as…. An incumbent
The assistant floor leaders in the House who keep the leadership informed and persuade party members to vote along party lines are called…. Majority/minority whip
The Constitution assigns a position in Congress to the Vice President. That position is… Presiding officer of the Senate
One example of a permanent committee in Congress is a… Standing committee
Which group handles most of the detailed work of lawmaking in Congress? Standing committee
A conference committee is made of members from both the… Republican and demcratic party
Who helps members of congress with a variety of tasks, including answering constituents questions, writing speeches, and drafting bills? Their staff
Unofficial groups formed by congress to pursue particular goals and interests are called… Caucus and coalitions
What do the powers of oversight, confirmation, impeachment, ratification, override, and amendment have in common? The Senate or Congress checks either the executive or judicial branch in them or both
What power can congress use to check the power of the judicial branch? Amendment
A bill can become law only after… Both houses of Congress agree on the bill
Unlike other legislation, tax bills can originate…. From from the house
The constitution declared that war-making powers… Are shared between Congress and the president
Which lawmakers must be at least 30 years old and U.S. citizens for at least nine years? U.S senators
Based on informal qualifications lawmakers are expected to meet today, a person with which of the following qualities is most likely to become a lawmaker? A college degree and a background in business or law
Apportionment is the process of dividing the House seats among the states according to each state's population.
You are a new House member. You represent your district by responding directly to the needs of your constituents. This means that you see your job as Delegate
What does it mean when lawmakers secure large amounts of pork? They have won federally-funded projects for their home districts
How is Congress different than bicameral legislatures in most countries? The two houses of Congress are equal in power.
The assistant floor leaders in the House who keep the leadership informed and persuade party members to vote along party lines are called the majority and minority whips.
Which of the following powers can Congress use to check the power of the judicial branch? Proposing an amendment to the Constitution
Unlike other legislation, tax bills can originate… Only in the House.
The Constitution declared that war-making powers are shared between Congress and the president
What do legislators do when they take on casework? They help their constituents solve problems that involve the federal government.
Which statement about state legislatures is true? Nebraska is the only state with a unicameral, or one-house, legislature.
In which type of state legislature do members spend about half of their time as lawmakers? citizen legislatures
State legislators are paid much less than members of Congress.
Why do some people advocate term limits for state legislators? They believe new legislators are closer to their constituents.
Congressional committees get assistance from staff members. What other organizations help them? support agencies
Formal qualifications Age and citizenship; House: 25 years 7 years resident; Senate: 30 years 9 years resident
Informal qualifications Gender, education, race, occupation
conference committee a temporary committee of legislators from both the House and Senate created to work out differences in bills passed by both chambers
joint committee a permanent committee of legislators from both the House and Senate that deals with matters of common interest, such as economic policy
joint resolution an official statement issued by both houses of Congress; once signed by the president, a joint resolution has the force of law
select committee a temporary committee formed by either the House or Senate to investigate a specific problem; also called a special committee
standing committee a permanent committee of legislators from either the House or Senate responsible for specific policy areas, such as foreign affairs or agriculture
subcommittee a small legislative committee within a larger, standing committee; subcommittees do much of the work of reviewing legislation
Delegate Seek to represent their districts by responding directly to the wishes or needs of their constituents
Trustee Represent their district by exercising their best independent judgement

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