Chapter 8 SC

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Fault that occurs when rocks are pulled apart. Normal
Fault that occurs when rocks are sheared. Strike-slip
Fault that occurs when rocks are compressed. Reverse
Force that causes Normal fault. Tension
Force that causes Strike-slip fault. Shear
Force that causes Reverse fault. Compression
The type of seismic wave that travels the slowest and causes the most destruction. Surface wave
The type of seismic wave that travels the fastest through rock material by causing rocks to vibrate in the direction of the waves. Primary waves
The type of seismic wave that moves through rocks by causing rocks to vibrate at right angles to direction of the waves. Secondary waves
Broad volcanoes with gently sloping sides. Roman Soldier. Shield volcanoes
A long crack that forms as two tectonic plates move apart. Rift
Magma that reaches Earth's surface. Lava
The point inside Earth where earthquake movement first occurs. Focus
Small volcanoes formsed from tephra Cinder cone volcanoes
Broad volcanoes with gently sloping sides. Shield volcanoes
Steep-sided volcanoes formed from layers of lava and tephra Composite volcanoes
Powerful sea wave caused by earthquake Tsunami
Point on Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earthquake Epicenter
Rising magma that may force it's way through Earth's crust, not on a plate boundery Hot spots
Type of building structure that can withstand an earthquake Seismic safe
Wave generated by an earthquake and is measured a using the Richter scale Seismic wave
The instrument scientist use to record the measurements of seismic waves Seismograph
The height of the lines recorded by a seismograph, or the amount of energy released by and earthquake Magnitude
Lithosphere Crust and upper mantle
Transform boundaries Move two different ways (up and down)
Divergent boundaries Devide,

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