CIW Lesson 1 Vocabulary terms

Print this FlashCard
Term Definition
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) -The traditional authoring language used to develop Web pages for many applications.-A language that describes a document's visual layout-Language used primarily for defining format and appearance of Web documents.
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) A technology that allows greater style definition and formatting control of HTML elements. Formatting can be placed within the HTML or called remotely from an external style sheet.
Markup Language -HTML, XMC, XHTMC, & HTML5- Language that describes context and formatting for online documents.
Rehabilitation Act That requires all electronic and Information Technology developed, procured, maintained or use by federal agencies be comparably accessible to users with disabilities.
Cloud Computing Software, infrastructure and platform services that are hosted by a remote data center and provided to organizations or individuals over the Internet.
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) A protocol that enables operating systems to map file name extensions to corresponding applications. Also used by applications to automatically process files downloaded from the Internet.
Text Editor Is any program that allows you to type simple text and edit it, such as Microsoft Notepad and WordPad, or UNIX-based programs such as Vi and Pico.
Graphical User Interface (GUI) A program that provides visual navigation with menus and screen icons, and performs automated functions when users click command buttons.
GUI HTML Editors Include Adobe Dreamweaver, Microsoft Expression Web, Mozilla SeaMonkey and Adobe GoLive
Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) -A metalanguage used to create other languages, including HTML and XHTML.-An ISO-standard language used to describe data and context as opposed to its appearance.
Metalanguage A language used for defining other languages.
SGML's Purpose Was to describe only the information within a document, not the formatting of it.
Document Type Definition (DTD) A set of rules contained in a simple text file that defines the structure, syntax and vocabulary as it relates to tags and attributes for a corresponding document.
Hyperlinks Embedded instructions within a text file that link it to another point in the file or to a separate file.
HTML 4.01 Transitional allowed developers to insert formatting using either CSS or traditional layout instructions (e.g., HTML font, color and phrase elements). This version rendered in browsers that did not support HTML 4.01 features such as CSS. This version also allowed tags
HTML 4.01 Strict required the exclusive use of CSS when defining layout instructions. Deprecated tags were not allowed and generated errors.
HTML 4.01 Frameset required for pages that used HTML frames, which placed Web pages inside each other to create separate panes in the browser window. Some felt that frames provided additional functionality or enhanced a site's look and feel.
Extensible Markup Language A markup language that describes document content instead of adding structure or formatting to document content. A simplified version of SGML.
HTML5 A language that requires few plug-ins and standardizes how video and audio are presented on a Web page
JavaScript Scripting language that provides dynamic, interactive capabilities to Web pages
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Was enacted in 1990 to protect the civil rights of disabled people.
User agent accessibility A user agent is any device used to view a Web page. The most common user agent is a Web browser. Additional user agents include mobile device applications, such as smartphones and tablets. The W3C User Agent Accessibility Guidelines document is available
User Agent Any application, such as a Web browser, mobile phone, smartphone or help engine, that renders HTML for display to users.
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) -to provide a universal set of standards promoting accessibility.-A set of guidelines for ensuring Web site accessibility to all users, including those with disabilities.
Accessibility for developers The W3C also addresses ways to ensure that development tools can be used by disabled people.
Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act Section 508 requires that all electronic and information technology developed, procured, maintained or used by federal agencies be comparably accessible to users with disabilities.
XML (Extensible Markup Language) -A language that describes the function and context of the information contained in a document.-Newer language used to define context as opposed to appearance.
XHTML (Extensible Hypertext Markup Language) -A language that organizes data in a document and formats the page's appearance in a Web browser-Web language standard that separates responsibilities for organizing and formatting data.
Tags Embedded information that defines the font, color and phrase elements used on an HTML page
Text readability Make sure that fonts used are the correct size.
Text support for images All images must be described in text using special HTML code.
Screen-reader support Ensure that all pages and page elements can be rendered by audio screen readers.
Alternative audio support If you include audio content on a page, make sure that a text-based equivalent is readily available for hearing-impaired users.
Alternative speech input If your site includes the ability for speech input, make sure that an equivalent keyboard entry mechanism is available.
Text support for audio elements Make sure that any audio elements are clearly marked with alternative text so that readers can obtain the information.
Page content that flashes, flickers or strobes Such content may cause problems for those with neurological disorders.
Alternative navigation Navigation aids should be provided to help those with lower cognitive skills.
Audio support Audio transcriptions of text-based content may help users with reading disabilities such as dyslexia.
Low-resolution alternatives Design Web pages so that they do not require large, expensive screen resolutions, or provide low-resolution alternatives.
Wireframing The process of developing an outline for a Web presence.
Customer representatives Organizations often have important customers attend meetings and provide input. Customer representatives can teach you about the various types of messages that appeal most to potential customers. For example, some may want to focus on the value of a parti
Suppliers If you are planning for large sales as a result of your Web effort, make sure that your product suppliers are ready for this. Otherwise, you could damage the company's reputation by making promises that cannot be kept. Even though a Web authoring team wo
Shareholders If your organization is publicly owned, you may need to obtain input from shareholders about the look and feel of the site.
Message Deliver a coherent message for each page. Information that is not relevant or otherwise distracts readers from a well-conceived central idea should be placed on another page or eliminated.
Fonts If specifying fonts, make sure that you use common ones so that browsers do not have difficulty rendering them. Use proper sizes; small fonts are difficult to read.
Images Make sure that all images used on a page contribute to either the page's navigability or its message.
Color Take time to consider color combinations so that your pages are as attractive and readable as possible.
Organizational design standards As you help develop Web pages, make sure that you are following developed rules and advice from your department and others. Such standards help support decisions concerning your organization's branding and marketing standards.
Ethnic diversity Project management will ensure that such needs are considered and recommended during planning meetings. It is your responsibility as a designer to create pages that implement all recommendations.
Language choice Some organizations will need to use only one language for their sites, such as English. Others may need to create multiple sites in various languages to accommodate an international audience.
Common color schemes Preferences for color combinations differ from one culture to the next. Remain sensitive to and informed about such preferences.
Messages that appeal to customers You may need to alter your message about a particular product or activity if you present it to another culture. Consider the expectations and preferences of specific cultures so that your message is as clear and appealing as possible.
Presentation software Slide-based software, such as Microsoft PowerPoint and Google's Presentations application within Google Docs, is common and user-friendly. Presentation software creates a sense of professionalism.
Overhead projection You may need to create transparencies of statistics and marketing ideas. Be prepared to bring an overhead projector.
Windows Internet Explorer A proprietary Microsoft browser installed by default on all Windows operating systems.
Mozilla Firefox An open-source browser. Firefox versions are available for various operating systems, from Windows to Linux.
Google Chrome An open-source browser from Google. Chrome has many new features, such as a clean interface, automatic crash recovery, multi-threading capability, improved sandboxing, isolated tabs and privacy mode.
Opera An alternative Web browser with extended language support.
Lynx A command-line text-only Web browser. Often used by those with shell accounts and those who are visually impaired because it can be used with software that renders text into voice. A binary version is included with most versions of UNIX/Linux.
Trade secret Intellectual property that must remain private for a company to retain viability. Examples include proprietary code, business plans and sales contacts.
Licensing The legally authorized use of another person's or entity's copyrighted intellectual property. The terms of the license are generally dictated by the copyright holder. Licenses require contracts and usually an exchange of money, services or both.
Infringement Any violation of a copyright or trademark. Copyright and trademark infringement are punishable crimes.
Plagiarism A specific instance of infringement in which an individual or entity claims to have created content (e.g., images, writing or other exact expressions) that was in fact created by other developers.
Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA) An NDA is a legally binding contract signed by both parties stating that they will not reveal any trade secrets or intellectual property owned by the other.
Legal consultation When signing NDAs and other documents is necessary, you should first retain legal counsel. Otherwise, you may make commitments that you cannot fulfill. Any contract breach can make your company liable for a lawsuit.
on the fly Dynamically created Web page content, as opposed to pre-defined, static content.
Software as a Service (SaaS) Software that is hosted centrally on the Internet and accessed by users with a Web browser.
troll A Web user who publishes negative comments or submits feedback simply to annoy or anger.
trouble ticket A record of a problem related to a service provided by an ISP or cloud service provider. Used to record receipt of a complaint and track resolution of the problem.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *