Color Principles

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Term Definition
Achromatic without color.
Analogous Color groups of three colors that are next to each other on the color wheel.
Brightness the quality or state of giving out or reflecting light.
Chromaticity the quality of color, independent of brightness.
CMYK refers to the four inks used in some color printing: cyan, magenta, yellow, and key
Color Context Simultaneous contrast is most intense when the two colors are complementary colors.
Color Harmony Color harmony is the theory of combining colors in a fashion that is harmonious to the eye.
Color Scheme In color theory, a color scheme is the choice of colors used in design for a range of media.
Color Theory body of practical guidance to color mixing and the visual effects of a specific color combination.
Color Wheel a circle with different colored sectors used to show the relationship between colors.
Complementary Color colors directly opposite each other in the color spectrum..
Hexadecimal Color A hex triplet is a six-digit, three-byte hexadecimal number used in HTML, CSS, SVG.
Hue Color or shade.
Luminance the intensity of light emitted from a surface per unit area in a given direction.
Monochromatic Color Monochromatic color schemes are derived from a single base hue and extended using its shades, tones and tints.
Neutral Color include black, white, gray, and sometimes brown beige
Polychrome painted, printed, or decorated in several colors.
Primary Color any of a group of colors from which all other colors can be obtained by mixing.
Pure Color a color evoked by homogeneous spectral light.
Purity freedom from adulteration or contamination.
RGB red, green, and blue
Saturation the state or process that occurs when no more of something can be absorbed, combined with, or added.
Secondary Color a color resulting from the mixing of two primary colors.
Shade a color, especially with regard to how light or dark it is or as distinguished from one nearly like it.
Shadow a dark area or shape produced by a body coming between rays of light and a surface.
Tertiary Color combinations of primary and secondary colours.
Tint a shade or variety of color.
Tone harmonize with (something) in terms of color.
Triadic Color A triadic color scheme uses colors that are evenly spaced around the color wheel.
Value the regard that something is held to deserve; the importance, worth, or usefulness of something.
Warm Colors red through yellow, browns

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