GK 28 Quiz

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Along with Ile de la Cite, which is the only other natural island in the Seine to be found in Paris? Ile Saint-Louis
What has been nicknamed the 'City of Light' for nearly 300 years, as it was centre of intellectualism in the Enlightenment? Paris
Is the Varsity Boat Race rowed upstream or downstream? Upstream
Which photoreceptor cells in the eye function better in dim light conditions than the other types? Rod cells
Which London Underground line is the only one to have a direct interchange with all other Underground lines? Jubilee
On which London thoroughfare was gas lighting first used in 1807? Pall Mall
Which Futurist, a signatory to Futurism's manifesto created the paintings "Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash", "Street Light" & "Abstract Speed + Sound", and sculpted "Boccioni's Fist"? Balla
Vincent Van Gogh's 'The Starry Night' is part of which museum's permanent collection? MoMA, New York
The constellation 'Cetus' has what two popular names? (eg as Taurus is 'The Bull') 'The Sea Monster', or 'The Whale'
Altair is a bright star in which constellation? Aquila (the Eagle)
Deneb is a star in which constellation? Cygnus
Vega is a star in which constellation? Lyra
What term is the logarithmic measure of the brightness of an object in astronomy? Magnitude
Which relative astronomical term refers to the blurring and twinkling of objects such as stars caused by turbulent mixing in the Earth's atmosphere varying the optical refractive index? 'Seeing'
In which city did the Timurid ruler and astronomer Ulugh Beg build the great Ulugh Beg Observatory between 1424 and 1429? Samarkand
Which oil tanker exploded off the coast of West Cork in Jan 1979 with the loss of 50 lives (and then a diver in the salvage operation)? Betelgeuse
Which star, in reality a triple star system, is the brightest star in the constellation Orion and the seventh brightest star in the night? Rigel
Which Arabic cultural renaissance began in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in Egypt, then later moved to Ottoman-ruled regions including Lebanon, Syria and others? Al-Nahda
Whose quote, when discussing, an 'imperfect' Nature, altered by man, was "I wish to know an entire heaven and an entire earth"? Thoreau
In which US city was the country's first electric streetlight installed in 1879? Cleveland
Which Las Vegas casino-resort, named after a town on Lake Como, is famed for its fountain display? Bellagio
Who were Alecto, Megaera and Tisiphone? Three Furies
In myth, which pair tried to fly with wax wings? Daedalus, Icarus
Who is believed, possibly apocryphally, to have invented the tart called 'Maid of Honour'? Anne Boleyn
Famous chef Escoffier joined the staff of which hotel in 1890? Savoy
Dutch food speciality 'Rijstafel' actually originated where? Indonesia
What was reputedly first made in 1791 by Marie Harel, a farmer from Normandy? Camembert
Who catalogued Mozart's works, giving them a letter? Van kochel (K)
Which UK composer was imprisoned for conscientious objection, serving 3 months in Wormwood Scrubs in 1943? Tippett
Which composer (1862-1918), who found inspiration in Javanese music, also was instrumental in the development of 'impressionistic music'? Debussy
Which composer's head was stolen after his death and not reunited with his body until 1954? Haydn
Chopin's heart is buried in Poland – where is the rest of his body? Paris, France
What is the musical term for 'getting louder'? Crescendo
What's the musical term for 'getting softer'? Diminuendo
How many quavers are in a crotchet? Two
What is the main ingredient of Greek dish Saganaki? Cheese
Which family were the patrons of Haydn for most of his career? Esterhazy
Whose most famous composition was 'Gymnopedies'? Erik Satie
Which very famous composer was buried in a pauper's grave in 1891? Mozart
Who was 'Musician to the Prince of Cothen'? JS Bach
Where in London is the Royal Opera House? Covent Garden
In which year were the First Proms held? 1895
Who were Lachesis, Clotho and Atropos? Three Fates
In myth, who famously defeated Atalanta in a foot race after the former dropped the golden apples? Melanion
How many movements are normally present in a symphony? Four
What name is given to German songs with piano accompaniment? Lieder
What are the three main male singing voices? Tenor, Baritone, Bass
What are the three female singing voices? Soprano, Mezzo Soprano, Contralto
How many crotchets are in a minim? Two
How many crotchets are in a breve? Eight
'Armoricaine' dishes originate in which region? Brittany
What is the main flavouring in a Bourguignon sauce? Red wine
What is the German for 'blood sausage'? Blutwurst
A blintz is a thin version of which foodstuff? Pancake
What is, according to 'Larousse Gastronomique', the French term for a ragout of white meat (veal, lamb or poultry)cooked in a white stock or water with aromatic flavorings? Blanquette
Which bird's saliva is used in birds' nest soup? Swift
What name is given to South African dried meat, similar to beef jerky? Biltong
Self-rimming, London and Belfast are all types of what? Sink
What name is given to a rich, sweet pastry made of layers of filo filled with chopped nuts and sweetened and held together with syrup or honey? Baklava
Who composed "The Bartered Bride"? Smetana
Who composed "Cavalleria Rusticana"? Pietro Mascagni
Who composed "The Masked Ball"? Verdi
Who composed opera "The Elixir Of Love"? Donizetti
In classical myth, who was the 'Wise Old Man Of The Sea'? Nereus
Who is the wife and consort of the Hindu God Vishnu? Lakhsmi
Which instrument did Russ Conway play? Piano
Who had a 2009 UK No 1 with "Evacuate The Dancefloor"? Cascada
"Stupid Cupid" was a UK No. 1 in the 1950s for which artist? Connie Francis
Where did Fats Domino "find his thrill" in 1956? Blueberry Hill
Who had a 2009 UK Number 1 with "I Gotta Feeling"? Black Eyed Peas
Which actress has claimed that, in a previous life in Atlantis, she was the brother to a 35,000 year old spirit named Ramtha? Shirley MacLaine
Who wrote poetry collections "Duino Elegies" (Duineser Elegien) and "Sonnets to Orpheus" (Die Sonette an Orpheus)? Rainer Maria Rilke
The visitors' authority for which city used the advertising slogan "What Happens here, stays here" from 2005-9? Las Vegas
Which G8 Nations are not permanent Security Council members? Japan, Germany, Italy, Canada
Jack Cade's Rebellion occurred during which King's reign? Henry VI
Japan's largest foreign population hail from which country? Korea
Where is Connolly Railway Station? Dublin
Which sea separates New Guinea from Australia's Northern Territory? Arafura Sea
Into which shipping forecast area do ships pass when leaving the Irish Sea via the North Channel? Malin
What is Finland's national flower? Lily-of-the-valley
Shirley MacLaine won a 1983 Best Actress Oscar for playing the role of Aurora Greenway in which film? Terms of Endearment
Which actor is Shirley MacLaine's brother? Warren Beatty
Farlington Marshes are a nature reserve in which county? Hampshire
Pegunungan Maoke is a mountain range in which island? New Guinea
What is a Venetian waterbus called? Vaporetto
Islas des Maiz (Corn Islands) belong to which country? Nicaragua
In which county is Tadcaster? North Yorkshire
The 'Fitzalan-Howards' is the family surname of which Dukes? Norfolk
Which Soho Street, pedestrianised 1973, was famous for fashion in the 1960s? Carnaby Street
Which king has a statue on Liverpool's London Road? George III
Which sea lies between Sumba and East Timor? Savu Sea
The Northern & Southern Lau groups of islands are part of which nation? Fiji
What name is given to the area of small alleys with a proliferation of antique shops located in Brighton? The Lanes
The Harley-Davidson factory is on which city's outskirts? Milwaukee
The Kimberley Plateau is in which Australian state or territory? Western Australia
Who is the patron saint of Catalonia? St George
James Finlayson, a Scot, began the industrialisation of which Scandinavian city? Tampere
Location of the parliament, which district is the de facto capital of Nauru? Yaren
Yellowknife lies on which Canadian lake? Great Slave
Becks Theatre is in which Middlesex town? Hayes
The Tropic of Capricorn passes through which 4 Latin American nations? Chile, Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil
In which ocean is the US-annexed Wake Island? Pacific
Carfax Tower is a landmark in which English town or city? Oxford
Lake Sevan is in which country? Armenia
Lake Van is in which country? Turkey
Which sea is off the East Coast of Papua New Guinea? Solomon Sea
On which river does Philadelphia stand? Delaware
Which country's flag features an armillary sphere? Portugal
On which bay is the English seaside resort of Hornsea? Bridlington Bay
In which English county is RAF Cosford? Shropshire
What is the administrative centre of Provence-Cote D'Azur? Marseille
'Brown Willy' is the highest point of which geographical area in the UK? Bodmin Moor
The Amur River forms part of the boundary between which two countries? China and Russia
On which bay is Worms Head, Wales? Rhossili Bay
Bikini Atoll is in which group of islands? Marshall Islands
Name the lakes in the middle of the Suez Canal. Bitter Lakes
Which street links downtown LA with Hollywood, Bel-Air and Malibu? Sunset Boulevard
In which city did Burke & Hare murder 16 people in 1828 to provide bodies for medical schools? Edinburgh
In which century was the ancient Roman physician Galen born? 2nd century AD (129AD)
How was Bergama in Turkey known in ancient times – it was the birthplace of Galen? Pergamon
Erasistratus and Herophilus were ancient Greeks known for their work in which field? Anatomy/medicine
Which word derives from the Greek for "to see for oneself"? Autopsy
What type of jars were used by the Ancient Egyptians during the mummification process to store and preserve the viscera of their owner for the afterlife? Canopic jars
Which British monarch died of aortic dissection whilst straining at a stool? George II
Which area of Europe stretches from Karlsruhe in the north to Basle in the south? Black Forest
What is the administrative centre of Languedoc-Rousillon? Montpellier
What name is given to the study of flags? Vexillology
Which city is served by Saint-Exupery Airport? Lyon
The Middleback Mountains are in which country? Australia
Based on issue of charter, what is the UK's oldest city? Ripon
Which part of theology is concerned with what are believed to be the final events of history, or the ultimate destiny of humanity, a concept commonly referred to as the "end of the world"? Eschatology
The Hall of Two Truths was a fundamental component of which people's beliefs of the afterlife? Angient Egyptians (it is where souls were judged)
Which form of funeral practice became associated with heroism in Ancient Greece (since it allowed warriors fallen abroad to be repatriated on foreign soil) but became unfashionable again with the spread of Christianity? Cremation
In linguistics, what can be described as "The smallest contrastive linguistic unit which may bring about a change of meaning", and is the basis for all letters in the Latin alphabet, in that they represent an individual sound? Phoneme
Which team won the FA Cup three times consecutively in 1884, 1885 and 1886? Blackburn Rovers
Who was Bolton's goalkeeper in the 'White Horse' FA Cup final – he kept a clean sheet in all 3 of his FA Cup Final appearances? Dick Pym
In which year was the final FA Cup Final replay? 1990
Who scored for both teams in the 1981 FA Cup Final? Tommy Hutchinson (Tottenham and Man City)
Who were the first football team to beat Tottenham Hotspur in an FA Cup Final? Coventry City (1987)
In which year was the "White Horse" FA Cup Final? 1923
Litla Dimun is the only one of the eighteen large islands of which European island group to be uninhabited? Faroe Islands
Named after an 18th Century British scientist, what name is given to the ratio of the tensile stress to the tensile strain in a material? Young's Modulus
In May 1957 Britain's first Hydrogen Bomb was tested over which Pacific island? Kirimati (or Christmas Island)
Fought between March 13 – May 7, 1954, which battle, which resulted in a massive defeat for the French army, effectively ended the First Indochina War? Battle of Dien Bien Phu
What is the name of the American politician who replaced Rudolph Giuliani as Mayor of New York in 2002? Michael Bloomberg
In 1599, who became the first poet to be buried in Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey since Geoffrey Chaucer? Edmund Spenser
Built in the first half of the 20th Century, the world’s oldest playable pipe organ is located in the Basilique de Valere in which Swiss city? Sion
Bornholm is an island in the Baltic Sea belonging to which country? Denmark
The father of the poet Lydia Koidula, Johann Voldemar Jannsen wrote the words to ‘Mu isamaa, mu onn ja room’ meaning ‘My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy’, the national anthem of which country? Estonia
In May 1991, who became the first female Prime Minister of France? Edith Cresson
Who was the French Minister of Justice who oversaw the drafting of the French Constitution that was adopted in October 1958? Michael Debre
The Majlis is the name given to the parliament of which country? Iran
The Merneptah Stele was discovered at Thebes by which English Egyptologist who pioneered the use of the sequence dating method in archaeology? Flinders Petrie
The Mennonites are a group of Christian Anabaptist denominations who were (originally) followers of whom? Menno Simmons
Which Asian capital city has a name meaning 'Town of Victory' in the local tongue? Jakarta
Lifou Island, Mare Island, Tiga Island, Ouvea Island, Mouli Island, and Faiava Island are the six inhabited islands in which archipelago, part of the French territory of New Caledonia? Loyalty Islands
Before her marriage to Henry II, Eleanor of Aquitaine was the Queen of which French King? Louis VII
With a population density of just 15.5 people per square kilometre, which is the most sparsely populated country in the European Union? Finland
Which French short story writer and dramatist wrote the novella upon which Bizet's opera 'Carmen' is based? Prosper Reminee
Who was the first king of Scotland from the House of Stuart? Robert II
What was the Egyptian concept of 'isfet'? Chaos
Who founded the Stoic school of Hellenistic Philosophy? Zeno of Citium
The concept 'asha' is of central importance to which religion and theology? Zoroastrianism
What is the ancient Egyptian principle of truth, justice and regularity in the universe, depicted as a Goddess? Ma'at
What is meant by the Islamic term 'qiyamah'? Last judgement
Which part of theology is concerned with what are believed to be the final events of history, or the ultimate destiny of humanity, a concept commonly referred to as the "end of the world"? Eschatology
Which form of funeral practice became associated with heroism in Ancient Greece (since it allowed warriors fallen abroad to be repatriated on foreign soil) but became unfashionable again with the spread of Christianity? Cremation
In linguistics, what can be described as "The smallest contrastive linguistic unit which may bring about a change of meaning", and is the basis for all letters in the Latin alphabet, in that they represent an individual sound? Phoneme
How many letters did the Phoenician alphabet have? 22
What name is given to a writing system where each symbol always or usually stands for a consonant, leaving the reader to supply the appropriate vowel? Abjad
What type of device has been responsible for setting official world time since 1955? Atomic clock
Who (c310-230BC) presented the first known model that placed the Sun at the centre of the known universe with the Earth revolving around it? Aristarchus of Samos
What is the name of the surface upon which a gnomon casts a shadow on a sundial? Dial Plate
The Persian geographer Estakhri records the use of which devices, powered by nature, in East Persia by the ninth century – although they could be older? These type were 'horizontal' rather than the more common – and later – 'vertical'. Windmill
An influence on Hero of Alexandria, which earlier Alexandrian devised a water organ, which forced air through pipes to sound notes depressed on a keyboard? Ktesibios
Which mysterious device, found on the seabed, and designed and constructed by Greek scientists and dated between 150 to 100 BC, was used to predict astronomical positions and was a form of primitive analogue computer? Antikythera mechanism
What name was given to the steam-powered device invented by Hero of Alexandria? Aeolipile
How does Feng Shui literally translate? Wind-water
What two word Chinese name is given to the five-element theory of Chinese philosophy? Wu Xing
What Chinese term means the "natural energy", "life force", or "energy flow"? Qi
Give a year in the life of Boethius. 480-524AD
What is the luopan/lo-pan, used in Feng Shui? Type of compass
A lunar month lasts how long, to the nearest half-day? 29.5 days
In the Roman Calendar, which day fell 8 days before the Ides? Nones
In the Roman calendar, the Ides fell on which day of the month (there are two possible answers)? 13th or 15th (depending on how many days the month had; as it had 31 days, the Ides of March is the 15th)
Originally the day of the New Moon, what did Romans call the first day of each month? Kalends/calens
The feather of Ma'at, used to weigh hearts (and thus souls) to determine their purity in Ancient Egyptian belief was depicted as the feather of which bird? Ostrich
Which Egyptian God oversaw the weighing of the heart when a soul was judged after death? Anubis
ptian goddess-monster Ammit, the "Devourer of The Dead", was depicted as a composite of which three animals? Hippo, Lion, Crocodile
J.F. Guts Muths (1759-1839) is associated with the birth of what as a modern sport or discipline? Gymnastics
What was the state religion of the Achaemenid, Parthian, and Sassanian empires? Zoroastrianism
Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, an astronomer, was the first female to be a professor at which institution? Harvard
Which letter denotes the type of star is the coolest? M (red)
Which letter denotes the type of star is the hottest? O (blue)
Which type of diagram shows the relationship between stars' luminosity, temperature and spectral type? H-R (Hertzsprung-Russell) diagram
Where is the main campus of Brunel University? Uxbridge, London
What is the capital of Alderney? St Mary's
In which UK city is the Godlee Observatory? Manchester
Peter Durand patented which process in 1810? Tin canning
Which city was known to the Romans as Esmeduna? Liverpool
Which UK canal is nicknamed 'The Duke's Cut'? Bridgewater Canal
Which is the 2nd deepest ocean trench in the world? Puerto Rico Trench
'FL' are the international registration letters for which country? Liechtenstein
What was Newcomen's "atmospheric engine" (the first real working steam engine) actually used for? Pumping Water
Which French engineer exhibited ice-making equipment at the 1862 Universal London Exhibition? Ferdinand Carre
Hall'i'th'wood Museum is in which Greater Manchester town? Bolton
How is HM Prison Manchester better known? Strangeways
In 1962, which new Manchester building became – at the time – the UK's tallest? CIS tower
The Bessemer process reduces the amount of what substance in steel? Carbon
Which vehicle registration letter was the first in the UK to be introduced outside of August? T (in 1999)
What is the county town of Pembrokeshire? Haverfordwest
Who was Henry VIII's first wife? Catherine of Aragon
Which emblem did Henry VII adopt? Tudor rose
Which number on the Beaufort scale is used to indicate a storm? Eleven
Who wrote the play 'Biloxi Blues'? Neil Simon
What was Lewis Carroll's real surname? Dodgson
What name is given to a male ferret? Hob
Which motorway connects London to Brighton? M23
In heraldry which word indicates that an animal is flying? Volant
In which city are the headquarters of the IMF? Washington DC
What type of animal was 'Sage' in 'The Herbs'? Owl
Which country churchyard in Buckinghamshire inspired Thomas Gray to write his well-known elegy? Stoke Poges
Which US golfer, born 1959, is nicknamed 'Crazy'? Corey Pavin
How is the 1624 painting 'Portrait of A Man' in the Wallace Collection much better known? Laughing Cavalier
How many players are there on a hurling team? Fifteen
Which organisation awards the Dickin medal? PDSA
Whose biggest hit was 1968's 'I Can't Let Maggie Go'? Honeybus
Who starred in both 'Only When I Laugh' and 'The Irish RM'? Peter Bowles
MS Worcester, HMS Flamborough, and HMS Enterprise all pounded which castle on 10th May 1719? Eilean Donan
Which powerful earl did Edward the Confessor exile in 1051 for disobeying his orders? Godwin of Wessex
Who was Edward the Confessor's father? Ethelred II (the unready)
Based on his birthplace, how was Edward the Black Prince known in his early life? Edward of Woodstock
What was the Assyrian capital before it moved to Nineveh, and before the death in battle of Sargon II? Khorsabad
In the Bible, who was Bathsheba's original husband? Uriah the Hittite
Which king sacked Jerusalem in 587BC? Nebuchadnezzar II
Which 'stranger in grey' commissioned Mozart's Requiem Mass? Von Walsegg
Founded by an eponymous leader which Turkish Sunni Muslim dynasty ruled an area which at its height stretched from Anatolia through Persia, and were targets of the First Crusade; it was dissolved by the 12th century? Seljuk dynasty
The historic centre of which city, Uzbekistan's fifth largest, and a former Silk Road stop, is a UNESCO World Heritage site? Bokhara
Which plateau lies between the former Aral Sea and the Caspian Sea? Ustyurt plateau
'Jersey Boys' is a musical based on which band? The Four Seasons
What name is given to a group of languages that have become similar in some way because of geographical proximity and language contact? Sprachbund
Which is the capital of, and largest city in, the German state of Baden-Wurttemberg? Stuttgart
'Boxgrove Man', found in 1994, is the remains of hominids of which species? Homo Heidelbergensis
Which French Catholic priest (1877-1961) was renowned for his studies of cave art? Henri Breuil
Which Greek sophist wrote both a 'Life of Apollonius of Tyana' and 'Lives Of The Sophists'? Philostratus
Slivovitz is a drink made with which fruit? Plums
What is a cervalat? Smoked sausage
Which dancer demanded the head of John the Baptist? Salome
Who composed "A German Requiem"? Brahms
Appearing in Lohengrin by Wagner, who is the semi-mythical first king of Germany? Henry the Fowler
Who has a UK number 2 in 1997 with "Sex On The Beach"? T-Spoon
Which alcoholic spirit was in a Pimms Number 3? Brandy
What features on the cover of the Rolling Stones album "Sticky Fingers"? Trouser Zipper
Who wrote the opera "A Village Romeo and Juliet"? Delius
Biblically, who were Jacob's parents? Isaac and Rebecca
Who wrote the song "Smoke Gets In Your Eyes"? Jerome Kern
Give a year in the life of Joseph Haydn. 1732-1809
In which musical would you find the song "Hello Young Lovers"? The King & I
"Big Spender" is a song in which musical? Sweet Charity
Authentic mozzarella cheese is made from the milk of which animal? Buffalo
In which year was the composer Von Webern accidentally shot and killed? 1945
What is the name of the cube-shaped building at Mecca that is an object of veneration? Qabba/Kabba
What is a 'gett' in Judaism? Bill of Divorce
Which singer's (1924-1990) nicknames included 'sassy' and 'the Divine One'? Sarah Vaughan
Which composer wrote "Upon Hearing the First Cuckoo in Spring"? Delius
Who did Elvis Costello marry in 2003? Diana Krall
Which famous chef joined the Savoy Hotel in 1890? Escoffier
In which year did Clive Dunn have a hit with "Grandad"? 1971
Which term derives from the Portuguese word for 'quince'? Marmalade
Which Welsh bass-baritone singer helped establish Wales's annual Faenol Festival, and performed the Rugby World Cup anthem World in Union with Shirley Bassey at the Millennium Stadium before the 1999 Rugby World Cup Final? Bryn Terfel
Rock salmon is a euphemistic name for which fish? Dogfish
The theme to "The Onedin Line" was taken from which ballet by Khatachurian? Sparatacus
A Chinois is what type of cooking utensil? Sieve
Who is the jailer's daughter in John Gay's "The Beggar's Opera"? Lucy Locket
Who was the first man to clear 8feet in the high jump? Sotomayor
What is the longest running event in the heptathlon? 800m
Which field events are included in the heptathlon? Long jump, high jump, shot, javelin
Viktor Barna was a famous name in which sport? Table tennis
Which three track events appear in a heptathlon? 100m hurdles, 200m, 800m
Who held the long jump world record for 25 years from 1935 to 1960? Jesse Owens
What is the highest point of the Hindu Kush, and the highest mountain in the world outside of the Himalayas-Karakoram range, located in Chitral District of Pakistan? Tirich-Mir
Which cave complex, Pashto for Black Cave, and part of the White Mountains (Safed Koh) of eastern Afghanistan was once a hideout for Osama Bin Laden? Tora Bora
The ancient city of Babylon was built on the banks of which river, that has since changed course? Euphrates
On which river does Baghdad stand? Tigris
Which world capital city sits on a river that is an anagram of its name? Bangui (Ubangi)
Which country, whose population is 70% expatriates, is the centre of most of the soap opera production of the Persian Gulf, and qualified for the 1982 World Cup? Kuwait
In cult film, teenage truant Ferris Bueller took his 'Day Off' in which US city? Chicago
Which Vittoria de Seca work won the first "Sight & Sound" greatest film poll in 1952? The Bicycle Thieves
The Ghanta Awards recognise which industry's "worst in film"? Bollywood
1962's "Knife in the Water" was which director's first feature length film? Roman Polanski
Who became the Astronomer Royal in 1995? Martin Rees
Who had a number 1 in the 1950s with "Give Me Your Word"? Tennessee Ernie Ford
In myth, who rode Pegasus to save Andromeda? Perseus
The 'Island In The Sky', 'Needles' and 'Maze' are part of which US National Park, beloved by author Edward Abbey? Canyonlands National Park
Iphigenia, who Artemis wanted sacrificed as an appeasement, was the daughter of who in Greek myth? Agamemnon
Which ancient Greek philosopher and statesman(428-347BC), believed the founder of mathematical mechanics, is said to have invented a flying device that flew 200m? Archytas
Which purple dye, named for an ancient port city, was used by Roman Emperors? Tyrian purple
In textiles, what name is given to a substance that chemically fixes a dye to a cloth? Mordant
The 'Hymn to Ninkasi' was an ancient Mesopotamian poem that in effect contained a recipe for what – the substance of which Ninkasi was goddess? Beer
In 1792, which nation became the first to abolish slavery? Denmark
Who started building an eponymous 'castle' in San Simeon, California, in 1919? William Randolph Hearst
What is Russia's longest river? River Lena
Which ship first circumnavigated the globe, under Magellan and – after his death – Elcano? Victoria
In which year did John Cabot discover Newfoundland and Nova Scotia? 1497
Which two countries unilaterally adopted the Euro without being part of the official Eurozone? Montenegro, Kosovo
What is Slovakia's currency? Euro
What is the Czech Republic's currency? Koruna
What is Poland's currency? Zloty
What is Estonia's currency? Euro
What is Maryland's capital? Annapolis
What is the local name for K2? Chogori
Nafplio is the capital of which Greek region, whose name survives from ancient times Argolis
Which UNESCO heritage site is listed with the nearby site of Tiryns? Mycenae
For what feat is amateur linguist Michael Ventris best remembered? Deciphering Linear B
What is the nickname of Maryland? Free State
Which substance, banned in the US, has been used in Chinese medicine for 5000 years under the name ma huang? Ephedra
Which caffeine-containing nut is chewed ceremonially in many Western African cultures? Kola nut
Which is the only animal of the family vivveridae present in Europe? Common genet
The Egyptian goddesses Pakhet & Sekhmet both have the head of which animal? Lion/lioness
Dexamyl, a mixture of an amphetamine and a barbiturate was popular in the 1960s UK under what name? Purple hearts
How is the animal the manul also known? Pallas's cat
Which species has the scientific name felis silvestris? Wildcat
Which ancient Egyptian city, the capital of the nome of Am-Khent, was the centre for the worship of the goddess Bastet? Bubastis
What is a 'speedball' in drug terms? Liquid cocaine and heroin
Which breakdown product of alcohol, also called ethanal, is thought to be a major factor in producing hangovers? Acetaldehyde
In biochemistry and pharmacology, what name is given to a substance (usually a small molecule) that forms a complex with a biomolecule to serve a biological purpose? Ligand
Which is the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system? GABA
Which peptide hormone acts as a hunger suppressant and is responsible for stimulating the digestion of fat and protein? Cholecystokinin
Which is the most abundant excitatory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate nervous system? Glutamate
Endorphins belong to what class of compound, named for the Greek for 'to digest'? Peptides
What is the nearest town to the Bennets' residence in Jane Austen's 'Pride & Prejudice'? Meryton
What is the Bennets' residence in 'Pride & Prejudice'? Longbourn
In which French town or city was the ship the Queen Mary II built? St Nazaire
Which country's international car registration code is 'Z'? Zambia
Which country's international car registration code is 'C'? Cuba
What was Manchester Piccadilly Train Station originally called? London Road Station
What is the name of the coach that UK monarchs use at the state opening of parliament? Irish State Coach
Which river lies to the north of Manhattan Island and separates it from The Bronx? Harlem River
In which country is Monastir Airport? Tunisia
What was the summer residence of the Presidents of France from 1896 to 2009? Rambouillet
How many chess boards are required to play the variant known as 'kriegspiel'? Three
Who were the second English football team to play in the European Cup Final? Leeds United
Nick Skelton and Eddie Macken are both names associated with which sport? Equestrianism
Whose autobiography was "My Colourful Life From Red to Amber"? Ginger McCain
From 1975 to 2014 where was the Women's Boat Race held, until it started using the same course as the men? Henley-on-Thames
What name is shared by a scientist born in 1564, and the winner of the Epsom Derby in 2001? Galileo
Who captained the England football team in the 1990s, while playing club football for Inter Milan? Paul Ince
At what weight division was Terry Downes a World Boxing Champion, from 1961 to 1962? Middleweight
The LA Kings play which sport? Ice Hockey
Who was the first foreign manager to win the FA Cup, doing so in 1997? Ruud Gullit
In 1825, Russian army officers led about 3,000 soldiers in a protest against Tsar Nicholas I's assumption of the throne after his elder brother Constantine removed himself from the line of succession in a revolt named after which month? December (Decembrist Revolt)
Probably the most renowned Russian artist of the 19th century, whose major works include Barge Haulers on the Volga (1873), Religious Procession in Kursk Province (1883) and Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks (1880–91)? Ilya Repin
Who wrote the short story "Father Sergius"? Tolstoy
Which Czech Christian spiritual leader and author in 15th century Kingdom of Bohemia wrote works whose principles of nonviolent resistance influenced Gandhi and Martin Luther King? Petr Chelcicky
Which capital city is home to the football teams Millonarios F.C. and Santa Fe? Bogota
Football team Barcelona S.C., founded on May 1, 1925, by Eutimio Perez, a Spanish immigrant who named the club after his home city of Barcelona, are based in which South American city? Guayaquil
The founders of both the St Petersburg and Moscow music Conservatories were brothers with what surname? Rubinstein (Anton and Nikolai respectively)
Which football team from Quito has, up to 2017 at least, maintained a tradition of only playing Ecuadorian footballers? El Nacional
Who was the US Secretary of State at the state at the start of the Afghan conflict? Colin Powell
If Brits were "Tommies" in WW1, what was the nickname of the French? Poilu
Riots occurred in which national capital in 1948, killing 2500 people after the assassination of Jorge Eliacer Gaitin? Bogota (El Bogatazo)
Elias Howe (1819-67) is best remembered for which invention? Sewing machine
Which American inventor, industrialist, businessman, and hunter (1814-62) made the mass production of the revolver commercially viable? Samuel Colt
Which author came up with the phrase "The Great Unwashed"? William Thackeray
Feargus O'Connor (1794-1855) who eventually succumbed to syphilitic dementia was a leader of which group? Chartists
What name were given to parliamentary constituencies which could effectively be controlled by a single person who owned at least half of the "burgage tenements", the occupants of which had the right to vote in the borough's parliamentary elections? Pocket Boroughs
Who wrote The History of Pendennis: His Fortunes and Misfortunes, His Friends and His Greatest Enemy? William Makepeace Thackeray
Which English social researcher, journalist, playwright and advocate of reform wrote London Labour and the London Poor (1851)? Henry Mayhew
The Goodwin Sands is a 10-mile (16 km) long sandbank lying off which English county? Kent
Vere Gordon Childe (14 April 1892 – 19 October 1957) was best known in which field? Archaeologist
How was the last Abbasid caliph, al-Musta'sim, killed by the Mongols – superstition decreed that his blood should not be spilled? Rolled in a carpet and trampled by horses
Which people sacked Kiev in 1240? Mongols
The Teutonic Order's coat of arms was a black cross on what colour background? White
What name was given to the loose federation of East Slavic tribes in Europe from the late 9th to the mid-13th century, under the reign of the Rurik dynasty? Kievan Rus
Lying just outside St Petersburg, which is Europe's largest freshwater lake? Lake Ladoga
Which King converted to Christianity and thus Christianised the Kievan Rus (and thus Russia) in 988? Vladimir the Great
Novgorod lies 6km from the outflow of which historically important Lake? Lake Ilmen
Novgorod lies on which river? Volkhov
Reigning 864-879, later Russian tsars all claimed descent from which Varangian chieftan? Rurik
What name was given by Greeks and Slavs to the vikings who controlled medieval Rus from the 9th to 11th centuries? Varangians
Which Byzantine Emperor, also known as 'The Syrian', ruled from 717 to 748, survived the 2nd Arab siege of Constantinople and put an end to a period of instability, as well as forbidding the veneration of icons? Leo III
Which battle of 1212 was seen as a turning point in the Spanish conquista; a coalition of forces from Castile, Navarre, Aragon and Portugal defeating Almohad forces? Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa
Which city on the Guadalquivir River fell in 1236 during the Christian reconquista of Muslim Spain? Cordoba
Which drug was nicknamed 'empathy' in the 1960s? Ecstasy
Give a year in the Ming Dynasty of China. 1368-1644
What relation was Kublai Khan to Genghis Khan? Grandfather
Which Chinese dynasty began in 960AD, and hung onto power in the south until 1279? Song Dynasty
Which Ming Emperor reigned when the Temple of Heaven was constructed? Yongle
Which short-lived Chinese dynasty immediately preceded the T'ang? Sui Dynasty (581-618AD)
The 'Three Pure Ones' are the highest Gods in which religion or belief system? Taoism
Which Indian Empire, seen as a 'golden age', lasted from approximately 330 to 550AD? Gupta
Mysore is in which Indian state? Karnataka
Succeeding Bindusara, who was the third Mauryan Emperor? Ashoka (the Great)
Which Hellenistic Greek travelled widely in India, and wrote 'Indika', the first known Western account of the country? Megasthenes
Ruling 322-298BC, who was the founder of the Mauryan dynasty, and the first man to unify an Indian state? Chandragupta Maurya
In which Indian city did Buddha die? Kushinagar
Where is the Buddha held to have been born? Lumbini (Nepal)
Founded by the Ummayads, what title was given to the Muslim possessions in Spain from 756 to 929, when it became a caliphate? Emirate of Cordoba
What do Muslims believe occurred on the site of the Dome of the Rock? Mohammed taken up to Heaven
What do Jews believe occurred on the site of the Dome of the Rock? Abraham's near-sacrifice of Isaac
In the Hejira, from where and to where did Mohammed and his followers travel? Mecca to Medina
What does Islam literally translate as? Surrender
A broad, flat area of desert covered with wind-swept sand with little or no vegetative cover is an erg – on which peninsula is the example known as the Nafud? Arabian
Which group are responsible for the election of a Pope? College of Cardinals
What was the UK's first Eurovision winning song? Puppet On A String
Which drinks company was the first to register a British trademark? Bass Brewers
Which entertainer was born Eileen Regina Edwards? Shania Twain
Fat Hen, English Mercury & Goose Foot are alternate names for which edible plant? Good King Henry
John Lill and Peter Donahoe are/were famous soloists on which instrument? Piano
Which Bach was nicknamed 'The English Bach'? JC (Johann Christian)
Who composed the choral work 'Judas Maccabeus'? Handel
Which Italian composer's music was used in the ballet 'Good Humoured Ladies'? Scarlatti
Of what were there exactly twelve in the '12 Days of Christmas'? Ladies Dancing
Peter Boizot founded which restaurant chain? Pizza Express
Pissalat is a condiment made using which fish? Anchovies
Which celery, carrot and onion combination is often used as a base in French cuisine? Mirepoix
Who founded the Quakers? George Fox
What is the proper name for the 'Quakers'? Society of Friends
What term is used to denote someone who plays a folk or Celtic harp? Harper
Who wrote the music to the German National Anthem? Haydn
Who wrote the words to "Deutschland Uber Alles" (although since WW2 only the third stanza has been used)? Hoffmann
Which celebrated Italian musician and conductor (1867-1957) was at various times music director of La Scala Milan, the Metropolitan Opera in New York, and the New York Philharmonic Orchestra? Arturo Toscanini
First awarded in 1939, which US awards are given for 'distinguished and meritorious public service by radio and television stations, networks, online media, producing organizations, and individuals'? Peabody Awards
Who wrote the poem "Lake Isle of Innisfree"? WB Yeats
Which controversial US priest and radio broadcaster was forced off air in 1939 after making some anti-Semitic and pro-fascist remarks? Father Coughlin
Who won the 1949 Nobel Prize for Literature? William Faulkner
In WW2 what was the OWI? United States Office of War Information
Which Byzantine Emperor introduced Greek as the Eastern Empire's official language, and successfully defeated the Sassanids, and executed their king Khosrau II (Chosroes)? Heraclius
Which Sassanid Emperor sacked Jerusalem in 615, taking with him holy relics including the True Cross? Khosrau II
In which year was the 'Great Schism' between the Eastern and Western churches? 1054
Still in office in 2017, who was appointed Patriarch of Constantinople in 1991? Bartholomew I
Who is believed to have been the founder of the institution of 'Patriarch of Constantinople', analogous to St Peter and the papacy? St Andrew
In art, what is also called a nimbus, aureole, glory, or gloriole? A halo
Which ruler closed the Academy of Athens that had been founded by Plato, in 529AD? Justinian
What was the capital of the Western Roman Empire from 402 to 476, and then capital of the Kingdom of the Ostrogoths? Ravenna
Who was Justinian I (the 'Great')'s consort? Theodora
Which type of aircraft was flown into the Pentagon on 9/11? Boeing 757
The Battle of Cajamarca was a major event in the conquest of which people? Incas
Where in England was there a massacre of around 150 Jews in 1190? York Castle
Which general led an army that defeated the Roman Army at the Battle of Cannae? Hannibal
The Raid on the Medway in June 1667, sometimes called the Battle of the Medway, Raid on Chatham or the Battle of Chatham, was a successful and daring attack conducted in which war? Second Anglo-Dutch War
Now federally recognized tribe with its capital at Binger, Oklahoma, which Native American tribe historically inhabited much of what is now East Texas, Louisiana, and portions of southern Arkansas and Oklahoma? Caddo
What two-word term is used to refer to the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, and ideas between the Americas and the Old World in the 15th and 16th centuries? Columbian Exchange
Which spice derives from the part of the flesh, technically an aril, that surrounds the seed from several species of tree in the genus Myristica? The seed itself is the source of nutmeg. Mace
King James I once styled himself "King of England, Scotland, Ireland, France, Puloway and Puloroon". Where are Puloway and Puloroon? Banda Islands/Moluccas/Spice Islands
The plant is also called bishop's weed, which annual herb in the family Apiaceae originated in India and Pakistan and is still used in the cuisine of the subcontinent? Ajwain
By what two word name is curcuma zedoaria, or zedoary, once a popular spice in the West, but now very seldom used, also known? It has largely been supplanted by yellow turmeric and ginger. White turmeric
What is the scientific name for the plant that gives us the spice pepper? Piper nigrum
In medicine, what is hypogeusia? Loss of, or diminished, sense of taste
The second rarest naturally occurring element (after astatine), which element has atomic number 87, and was discovered by Marguerite Perey in 1939? Francium
Roman Emperor from AD 379 to AD 395, who was the last emperor to rule over both the eastern and the western halves of the Roman Empire? He also convened the First Council of Constantinople. Theodosius I (the Great)
Widely considered as one of the worst of the emperors, which brother of Arcadius (who received the Eastern portion) was given the Western Roman Empire in 395, when it was divided on the death of Theodosius I? Honorius
The River Busento, a left tributary of the Crati river, which flows about 95km in Calabria, southern Italy, is the supposed burial place of which historic figure in 410CE? Alaric the Visigoth
Other than Gregory the Great, who is the only other Pope in history to be given the epithet 'the Great'? Leo I (c.400-461)
Which church council of 451 condemned monophystism in all its forms and thus saw the split between the main church and the Coptic Orthodox, Ethiopian Orthodox and Armenian Apostolic churches that continues to this day? Council of Chalcedon
The Mausoleum of Theoderic, built in 520CE, is an ancient monument in which Italian city? Ravenna
Give a year during which Justinian I was Byzantine (East Roman) emperor? 527 -565CE
Conquered, captured and taken to Constantinople by Belisarius, Vitiges or Witiges (died 540) was king of which people in Italy from 536 to 540? Ostrogoths
The penultimate King of the Ostrogoths, reigning from 541 to 552 AD, who reversed the tide of Gothic War, recovering by 543 almost all the territories in Italy that the Eastern Roman Empire had captured from his Kingdom in 540? Totila
One of the most powerful Byzantine empresses, who (500 – 28 June 548) was empress of the Byzantine Empire and the wife of Emperor Justinian I? Theodora
Sinhalese people are which country's main ethnic grouping? Sri Lanka
Swaziland has a border with South Africa and which other country? Mozambique
Which author was born with the forenames Jean-Louis Lebris in Lowell, Massachusetts in March 1922? Jack Kerouac
Whose poem "Howl" was first recited in 1955? Allen Ginsberg
Which German-born British physicist who had a major role in Britain's nuclear programme, co-authored with Otto Robert Frisch a short paper that was the first to set out how one could construct an atomic bomb from a small amount of fissionable uranium-235? Rudolf Peierls
Who came up with the theory of beta-decay in 1933? Enrico Fermi
Which 1925 Eisenstein film presents a dramatized version of a 1905 mutiny? The Battleship Potemkin
Which German film director directed Triumph des Willens ("Triumph of the Will") and Olympia in the 1930s, regarded as two of the most effective propaganda films ever made? Leni Riefenstahl
Who wrote the novel "Portnoy's Complaint"? Philip Roth
Maya Angelou's autobiographical "I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings" is set in the small town of Stamps in which US state? Arkansas
An 1867 statue of Robert Godley stands outside which city's Anglican Cathedral – he is said to have been the city's founding father? Christchurch, New Zealand
The bigoted character Archie Bunker first appeared in which US sitcom? All In The Family
Part of the Lower Bay in the southwestern part of the borough of Brooklyn in New York City, and now connected to Long Island by landfill, which "island" is famous for its amusement parks and boardwalk? Coney Island
The 'Five Families' of New York Mafia are the Bonnano, Colombo, Lucchese and two others. Name either. Gambino, Genovese
Which husband and wife US citizens were executed on June 19, 1953 after being convicted of committing espionage for the Soviet Union? Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Senator Joseph McCarthy of Communist witch-hunt infamy, was senator for which state? Wisconsin
Spiro Agnew resigned as US Vice-President after pleading guilty to which charge? Tax evasion
The seventh Vice President of the United States from 1825 to 1832, who was the only VP to resign before Spiro Agnew? John Calhoun
In which country was Ivana Trump born and raised? Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic)
Who served three terms as mayor of New York City from 1978 to 1989 – a popular figure, he rode the New York City Subway and stood at street corners greeting passersby with the slogan "How'm I doin'?"? Ed Koch
Which American chemist whose involvement in the synthesis, discovery and investigation of ten transuranium elements earned him a share of the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry has element number 106 named for him? Glenn T Seaborg (Seaborgium)
The transactinide chemical element with symbol Og and atomic number 118 is named after which Russian nuclear physicist? Yuri Oganessian (Oganesson)
Possibly the biggest fashion group in the world, which Spanish multinational owns the chains Zara Home, Massimo Dutti, Bershka, Oysho, Pull and Bear, Stradivarius and Uterque? Inditex
The Generation of Columbuses is a term denoting the generation of which nation who were born soon after it regained its independence in 1918? Poland
The Egyptian god Khepri was associated with which insect? Scarab Beetle
Which five-act grand opera composed by Giuseppe Verdi to a French-language libretto is about the eldest son of Philip II who was mentally unstable and was imprisoned by his father in 1568, dying in solitary confinement? Don Carlos
Which three-word term famously used by Adam Smith to describe the unintended social benefits of individual self-interested actions appears just three times in his writings? The invisible hand
What do the initials JVC stand for in the company name? Japan Victor Company
Named after a Scottish minister what name is given to a heat engine that operates by cyclic compression and expansion of air or other gas (the working fluid) at different temperatures, such that there is a net conversion of heat energy to mechanical work? Stirling Engine
From 1945 (Gabriela Mistral) to 1991 (Nadine Gordimer) just one woman won a Nobel Prize for Literature – who, a Swedish poet and playwright of Jewish German birth who, in 1966, shared it with Shmuel Yosef Agnon? Nelly Sachs
The collision of the SS Mont-Blanc (laden with high explosives) with the SS Imo in 1917 in which city caused the biggest man-made explosion in history before the development of nuclear weapons, killing 2000 people? Halifax
Which international grant-making network founded by George Soros takes its name from a work on political philosophy by Karl Popper? Open Society Foundations
Located in the Sierra Nevada de Merida in Merida State, Pico Humboldt (4942m) is which country's second-highest peak? Venezuela
Cuyo is a wine-producing, mountainous area in the central-western part of which South American country? Argentina
What was the last Imperial dynasty of China, ruling 1644 to 1912? Qing dynasty (accept Manchu)
What is the Latin translation of the number LXX, the name also referring to a version of the Hebrew Bible? Septuagint
Which US Route runs from New Orleans to the city of Wyoming, Minnesota and is both referenced in the title of a 1965 Bob Dylan album, and is the site where singer-songwriter Robert Johnson made his alleged pact with the Devil? Route 61
What name is given to the spirits of Haitian Vodou and Louisiana Voodoo, intermediaries between Bondye (French: Bon Dieu, meaning "good God")—the Supreme Creator, who is distant from the world—and humanity? Loa
Cantinas, Bulerias and Martinetes are all styles associated with which art-form comprising music, vocalisation and dance? Flamenco
How many players per team are there at the start of a game of rugby league? Thirteen
Rene Caillie (1799-1838) was the first European in the modern era to return from which town, proverbially found at the 'end of the world'? Timbuktu
Which music and dance genre is considered the national music of Cape Verde? Cesaria Evora is considered queen of the genre. Morna
Which small string instrument of the European guitar family with four wire or gut strings is seen in Portuguese and Brazilian music? Cavaquinho
Which science which studies military, chivalric, dynastic, fraternal, civil and student orders is named for one of the Argonauts in Greek myth? Phalerestics
Which impressionist painted "The Belleli Family"? Edgar Degas
Which US biochemistry researcher and NASA astronaut broke the record for most complete days spent in space, with 535 up to April 2017? Peggy Whitson
The Cravat Regiment perform a changing of the guard in St Mark's Square in which European city? Zagreb
Who won the Booker prize in 2016 for "The Sellout"? Paul Beatty
Which French cardinal (1653-1743) served as the chief minister of Louis XV? Cardinal Fleury
Which US commercial broadcast television network, that uses an eye as a logo, is thus sometimes referred to as "The Eye Network"? CBS
Askia Mohammed, who ruled 1493-1528, ruled which Empire? Songhai Empire
Of what is a Torr a unit of measurement? Pressure
Who disproved the theory of phlogiston, when in the 1780s, he showed that combustion requires a gas that has mass (oxygen) and could be measured by means of weighing closed vessels? Lavoisier
In which year did Freddie Laker's 'Skytrain' take off? 1977
What does a galvanometer measure? Electric current
Which law states the magnitude of the electrostatic force of interaction between two point charges is directly proportional to the scalar multiplication of the magnitudes of charges and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them? Coulomb's law
Who discovered that electricity could be generated from, and was in some ways, equivalent to, magnetism? Faraday
Which scientist's equations proved that electromagnetism and light were manifestations of the same phenomenon? James Clerk Maxwell
The Netflix show G.L.O.W. has an acronym that stands for what? Glamorous Ladies of Wrestling
Which monarch established the Order of the Garter? Edward III
In Shakespeare, which character speaks of "This Scept'red Isle"? John of Gaunt
Which king succeeded Edward III of England? Richard II
Who was John of Gaunt's mistress? Katherine Swynford
Murderer Donald Neilson was given what nickname? The Black Panther
At which February 1461 battle, in Herefordshire, did Edward IV defeat Henry VI? Mortimer's Cross
What fruits gave the icing on Tottenham cake its pink colour? Mulberries
Which 1989 film saw documentary-maker Michael Moore's directorial debut? Roger & Me
In which city did Frederic Chopin die? Paris
Maine borders which two Canadian provinces? Quebec, New Brunswick
Which monarch commissioned the Royal Observatory at Greenwich? Charles II
Which people conquered the Northern Kingdom of Israel (Samaria) in 722BC? Assyrians
The ruins of Khorsabad are now in which country? Iraq
What name was given to a Northern Iranian equestrian group of tribes, attacked by Darius in 512BC? Scythians
To which King are the semi-mythical Hanging Gardens of Babylon most often attributed? Nebuchadnezzar II
Which King of Persia overran Babylon in 529BC, effectively ending an independent Mesopotamia? Cyrus
Planned by him what was Darius I of Persia's great capital? Persepolis
What name is given to the Zoroastrian sects of South Asia, particularly India? Parsees
Give a year in Egypt's New Kingdom period. 1554-1075BC
In what year was the first Olympic Games, the date on which the Ancient Greeks began their chronology? 776BCE
Often depicted as ecstatic revellers, what name was given to the retinue of Dionysus in Ancient Greece? Thiasus
In Classical (500-350BC, roughly) times, what was the only city populated by (mainly) Greeks that had a population larger than 100,000, other than Athens itself? Syracuse
Which ancient peoples founded Carthage? Phoenecians
In 600BC, which people inhabited the city of Caere? Etruscans
The Persian attack on Greece of c.490BC was punishment for mainland Greece's support of a revolt where? Ionia
Where did the Greeks defeat the Persians in 490BC? Marathon
Where did the Greeks fight the Persians (on land) in 480BC? Thermopylae
Athens was the de facto ruler of which 'League', set up in the aftermath of the Persian invasions? Delian
From which island did ancient doctor Hippocrates hail? Kos
In which town or city in Southern Italy did Pythagoras found his school in 530BC? Crotone
Which Athenian wrote 'A History Of The Peloponnesian War'? Thucydides
Which early Christian scholar (c185-253) was a pupil of Clement of Alexandria; he was never canonised as some of his views later became seen as controversial? Origen
At which 9AD battle were 3 Roman Legions disastrously wiped out? Battle of Teutoburg Forest
What is traditionally given on the 10th wedding anniversary? Tin
What is traditionally given on the 45th wedding anniversary? Sapphire
What is traditionally given on the 60th wedding anniversary? Diamond
What is the chemical symbol for Promethium? Pm
What is the name of a polygon that has twenty sides? Icosagon
Which solid shape has the biggest volume for a given surface area? Sphere
What notable first did Cockcroft and Walton achieve in 1932? Splitting the atom
By using a microscope, who is thought to have been the first man to observe bacteria? Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Which US dentist first demonstrated the use of ether as an anaesthetic in 1846? William Morton
Convallaria is a flower better known by what name? Lily-of-the-valley
What is a mechanical model of the sun and planets called? Orrery
Post-it note inventor Spencer Silver was an employee of which company? 3M
Shrub 'Syringia Vulgaris' is more commonly known by what name? Lilac
Which compound has the chemical formula C6H5OH? Phenol (carbolic acid)
Which two animal families comprise the order Lagomorpha? Rabbits, hares
Under which Emperor was the longest and largest persecution of Christians in Rome's history (303-311)? Diocletian
Which Roman Emperor converted to Christianity and settled his capital at Byzantium? Constantine the Great
How is the 451AD Battle of Chalons also known? Battle of the Catalaunian Plains (or Fields)
Which artist (1866-1944), one of the first to produce purely abstract works, produced series called 'Improvisations' and 'Compositions'? Kandinsky
Which Francine Pascal novel series, the first published in 1984, became a TV series? Sweet Valley High
Morgan Russell and Stanton MacDonald-Wright founded which art movement? Synchronism
Who, born Honita in 1876, sculpted abstract versions of Rodin's 'The Kiss' from 1907-12? Constantin Brancu?i
Which New York Art Show, that ran from February 17 until March 15, 1913, was the first major US show of modern art, and is considered a milestone in art history? The Armory Show
Raymond Duchamp-Villon and Jacques Lipchitz were famous names in what field? Sculpture
Born in Aberdeen, Washington, which exponent of Abstract Expressionism coined the term 'New York School' for the group including him, Philip Guston, Willem de Kooning, Jackson Pollock, and Mark Rothko? Robert Motherwell
Who wrote a 25-second long 'Theatre of the Absurd' play called 'Breath'? Samuel Beckett
Which man founded the Academie Francaise in 1635? Cardinal Richelieu
Who (1577-1638) was known as 'L'Eminence Grise', the first use of the term for a powerful advisor or decision-maker who operates secretly or unofficially? Francois Leclerc du Tremblay (the the right-hand man of Cardinal Richelieu, who was the 'eminence rouge')
Persian poet oet Abu Nuwas (756-814) lived under which caliphate or dynasty? Abbasid
Which Chinese dynasty ruled in the Yellow River basin from approximately 1600-1045BC? Shang
What name is given to the period of Chinese History that lasted from 403-221BC? Warring States Period
Give a year in the life of Confucius. 551BC-479BC
The period of Chinese history from 722-481BC, during the Zhou dynasty, and during which Confucius was born, has been named after times of the year: what has it been called? Spring and Autumn Period
What rank is the equivalent of a Marquis in Germanic countries? Margrave
Whose biggest UK hit was a 1970 Number One with 'Yellow River'? Christie (the name of a band)
In 'A Tale Of Two Cities' by Dickens which character exchanges places with Sidney Carton? Charles Darnay
The Battle of Flodden took place during the reign of which English monarch? Henry VIII (1513)
The okta is a unit used to measure what? Cloud cover
Which English monarch was the father of Edward the Black Prince? Edward III
In 'A Midsummer Night's Dream' what is the profession of Quince? Carpenter
Which horse, that shares its name with a country, won the Epsom Derby in 2014? Australia
Who wrote the 1951 play 'The Rose Tattoo'? Tennessee Williams
What is your profession if you have M.I.C.E. after your name? Civil Engineer
Used to suckle the infant Jupiter, what name is given in mythology to the Horn of Plenty? Cornucopia
Which former hostage wrote the book 'An Evil Cradling' in 1991? Brian Keenan
Which successful band of the 70s and 80s, formed in London in 1967, were named after their bassist and drummer? Fleetwood Mac
Devils on Horseback is bacon wrapped around what foodstuff? Prunes
Which musical instrument is, informally, a 'gobstick'? Clarinet
Which musical, first performed 1984, involves cast members roller skating? Starlight Express
The Circumlocution Office appears in which Dickens novel? Little Dorrit
'Danny Deever', 'Mandalay' and 'Gunga Din' are poems in which Kipling work? Barrack Room Ballads
Robert Maxwell's Pergamon Press specialised in what type of journal? Scientific (now owned by Elsevier)
Filippo Marinetti founded which art movement in 1909? Futurism
What was Dickens illustrator Phiz's real name? Hablot Knight Browne
Queenies are a nickname for which shellfish? Scallops
A charango is a Peruvian mandolin traditionally part-made from which animal? Armadillo
Which musical stars the character 'Topol'? Fiddler On The Roof
Who had a massive 1956 US hit with "Blueberry Hill"? Fats Domino
According to Genesis, other than Sarah, who else was Abraham's wife (he married her on Sarah's death)? Keturah
Which village on the Mount of Olives is the traditional site of the Ascension? Bethany
Which former rock star played Juan Peron on the original concept album of Tim Rice and Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical Evita alongside Julie Covington as Eva? Paul Jones
Balsamic vinegar traditionally originated in which Italian town? Modena
Charles Taze Russell was instrumental in founding which Christian group? Jehovah's Witnesses
Chris Hillman and Gram Parsons left which group to found The Flying Burrito Brothers? The Byrds
Who had a 1986 hit with 'Too Good To Be Forgotten'? Amazulu
Who was the first king of Israel, according to the Bible? Saul
What is the alcoholic ingredient in the cocktail 'Planters Punch'? Rum
Which Drink was advertised in the UK as 'The Bright One, The Right One'? Martini
Two brothers with first names Frank & Aldo formed which eponymous restaurant chain in Bristol in 1955? Berni Inns
Who wrote the children's piece "Let's Make An Opera", the second part being "The Little Sweep"? Benjamin Britten
"Missa Solemnis" is an 1824 musical work by who? Beethoven
Who composed "Pierrot Lunaire", premiered in 1912? Arnold Schoenberg
Who carries Siegmund to Valhalla in Wagner's Ring Cycle? Brunnhilde
Who had a 1968 Christmas Number 1 with "Lily The Pink"? Scaffold
What was Cliff Richard's last Christmas number 1, as of 2017? Saviour's Day
Give a year during the Second Vatican Council. 1962-5
How many books are there in the Hebrew Bible? 24
The musical 'The Lion King' is loosely based on which Shakespeare play? Hamlet
What name is given to the cork 'jack' in a game of boules? Cochonnet (piglet)
Which Provencal name for boules derives from the words for "stuck feet"? Petanque
In Ban Bueng and Nong Yai districts of Chonburi Province in Thailand, and in the 11th lunar month, there is an annual festival of races involving which animals? Buffaloes
Pak Tai Temple in Cheung Chao, an island in Hong Kong, is the centre for an unusual Taoist tradition that sees participants climb a large steel tower to retrieve which items during the Cheung Chau Da Jiu Festival ? Buns
Which game or sport has the objective of depositing a boz in a hallal? Buzkashi
Which type of tree, in the family Pinaceae, is traditionally used in Scottish caber tossing contests? Larch
Rosi Sexton, a professional mathematician, was the first British woman to compete in which championship? UFC
Which sporting event introduced into the Greek Olympic Games in 648 BC was an empty-hand submission sport with scarcely any rules? Its name means "all strength" or "all power". Pankration
Who is the patron saint of the city of Florence, Jordan, Puerto Rico and Perth in Scotland? John the Baptist
'Angola' and 'regional' are the two main styles of which Brazilian martial art? Capoeira
Who rode the 2010 Grand National Winner "Don't Push It"? AP McCoy
Which Palestinian academic wrote the books "Orientalism" (1978) and "Covering Islam" (1981)? Edward Said
Which New York law professor wrote the 1977 work "Taking Rights Seriously"? Ronald Dworkin
Which Hungarian-born sociologist, influential in the first half of the 20th century believed in a 'Great Society' that could be established after the war, with a planned society that nonetheless did not destroy freedom? Karl Mannheim
Which English engineer air officer (1906-96) is credited with single-handedly inventing the turbojet engine? Frank Whittle
Which Swiss poet wrote prose works "Die Madchenfeinde" (Two Little Misogynists) and "Conrad der Leutnant" and his masterpiece epic poem "Olympischer Fruhling" (Olympic Spring)? Carl Spitteler
Which Aristophanes play says, of women, "can't live with them or without them"? Lysistrata
Which author's most famous work sold just 3,715 copies in his lifetime, far fewer than his other works Typee (16,320 copies) and Omoo (13,335)? Herman Melville (the novel is of course Moby Dick)
Which awards, first presented in 1973, are presented annually by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror films? Saturn Awards
Upper and Lower Sorbian, Romani and North Frisian are officially recognised languages of which European nation? Germany
Whose 1970s albums included "Muswell Hillbillies", "Soap Opera" and "Sleepwalker"? The Kinks
Which cocktail is essentially just vodka and orange juice? Screwdriver
Who had a 1968 UK no 12 hit and a US number 1 with "Harper Valley PTA"? Jeannie C. Riley
Who was the lead vocalist of the R&B group the Four Tops who died in 2008? Levi Stubbs
Which Old Testament book has only one chapter? Obadiah
Which book of the Old Testament has the most chapters? Psalms
Which Asian country gave its name to a Kim Wilde hit single of 1981? Cambodia
Carnatic music is associated with which country? India
In Greek myth, who was the mother of the Discouri, also called Castor and Pollux? Leda
Which John Denver song gave James Galway a UK No 3 single in 1978? Annie's Song
Taq Kasra, dating from 540CE, and considered to be a landmark in the history of architecture as the largest single-span vault of unreinforced brickwork in the world is the only structure remaining of which ancient city, now in Iraq? Ctesiphon
In Central Asia, which dynasty overthrew the Ghaznavid Empire in 1186, when Sultan Mu'izz ad-Din Muhammad conquered the last Ghaznavid capital of Lahore? Ghorids
Referred to in the media as the "Baadshah of Bollywood" or "King of Bollywood" who earned critical acclaim for his portrayal of an alcoholic in Devdas (2002), a NASA scientist in Swades (2004) and a man with Asperger syndrome in My Name Is Khan (2010)? Shah Rukh Khan
Shahrukh Mirza, the son of Timurlane (Tamarlane) moved the Timurid capital from Samarkand to which other city? Herat
In which present-day country was Babur, the first Mughal Emperor, born in 1483? Uzbekistan
The son of Babur, who was the second emperor of the Mughal Empire, who ruled over territory in what is now Afghanistan, Pakistan, and parts of northern India from 1531–1540 and again from 1555–1556? Humayun
Laying the foundations of modern Iran, which dynasty ruled Persia and parts of surrounding countries from 1501–1736? Safavids
Called the 'Father of Afghanistan', which man (1722-72) laid the borders of the present country and had a name part meaning 'pearl of pearls'? Ahmad Shah Durrani
Popularly known as Sher-i-Punjab, or "Lion of Punjab", who (1780-1839) lost an eye to smallpox as a child, but rose to be the leader of the Sikh Empire, which ruled the northwest Indian subcontinent in the early half of the 19th century? Ranjit Singh
Which city was named after the title of George Eden, who was thrice First Lord of the Admiralty and also served as Governor-General of India between 1836 and 1842? Auckland (he was 1st Earl of Auckland)
Which car manufacturer made the Voyager model from 1988 to 2016, although in some countries it was badged as a Lancia? Chrysler
How many US gallons are there in a barrel of oil? 42
Displayed in Aarhus, what name has been given to the bog body that was uncovered in 1952 from a peat bog near the eponymous village in Jutland, Denmark? Grauballe Man
Polaris lies in which constellation? Ursa Minor
What kind of animal is an alewife? Fish/herring
What is the larva or grub of a crane fly called? Leatherjacket
Which RAF rank corresponds to an Army Captain? Flight Lieutenant
What does 'feng shui' literally mean in English? Wind-water
In 1961, who became the second human to orbit the Earth, aboard Vostok 2, preceded by Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1? Gherman Titov
Which product is obtained from the shrub Camellia sinensis? Tea
The London 2012 Olympics was which numbered Olympiad? 30th
The domain of King Nestor in the Iliad, which town in ancient Greece, also known by the Italian name Navarino, gives its name to a naval battle that took place in 425 BC during the Peloponnesian War? Pylos
What cricketing feat – unrepeated as of 2017 – was achieved in first-class cricket by almanac founder John Wisden in 1850? Taking all 10 wickets in an innings 'clean bowled'
Who set a record by scoring six hat-tricks for the England football team? Jimmy Greaves
Which island of 99 hectares (240 acres) in the outer Firth of Clyde is a prominent landmark seen from the Turnberry golf course, with the first hole named after it? Ailsa Craig
One of the four major ethnic groups among which the Hellenes (or Greeks) of Classical Greece considered themselves divided (along with the Aeolians, Achaeans, and Ionians), which group were supposedly descendants of Heracles? Dorians
As of 2017, who jointly hold the record goalscoring tally for the Scotland international football team, with 30 goals each? Kenny Dalglish, Denis Law
Representing the West Indies from 1958 to 1975, who became the second cricketer to take 300 Test wickets, after Fred Trueman? Lance Gibbs
What was the first golf major won by Tiger Woods? 1997 US Masters
Which city of ancient Phoenicia, and now the third largest in Lebanon, is used as a synonym for the Phoenicians themselves in the Biblical book of Kings, where thir part in the building of Solomon's Temple is discussed? Sidon
First performed in 1877, who wrote opera "Samson and Delilah"? Camille Saint-Saens
Henry Purcell composed an ode to which saint in 1683 – she is the patron saint of musicians? Cecilia
Which group had a 1980 Top 10 album with "Searching for the Young Soul Rebels"? Dexy's Midnight Runners
Which Macedonian singer, called "The Elvis of the Balkans" died, aged 26 in a Croatian car crash in 2007? Tose Proeski
First performed during Carnival of 1598 (1597 old style), what is the earliest known work that, by modern standards, could be considered an opera? Dafne (Jacopo Peri)
What is the English translation of the musical term 'libretto'? Little book
Which man (1749-1838) wrote the libretti for 28 operas by 11 composers, including three of Mozart's greatest operas, Don Giovanni, The Marriage of Figaro and Cosi fan tutte.? Lorenzo Da Ponte
There are two modes of singing in a traditional opera – aria and what else? Recitative
What is the ritual of sang in Tibetan Buddhism? Fumigation with incense
What is the literal meaning of the word "opera"? Work
Ahmedabad is the largest city in which Indian state? Gujarat
Which American paediatrician wrote the book "Baby and Child Care" (1946)? Benjamin Spock
The Speedway legend Ivan Mauger was born in which country? New Zealand
Shannon McIlroy was the 2016 World Champion in which sport? Lawn Bowls
In which year was the term 'Ashes' coined as in the cricketing term? 1882
For which film did Julianne Moore win a 2014 Best Actress Academy Award? Still Alice
Chandigarh is the capital of which two Indian states? Punjab, and Haryana
Which magazine devised the term "Ashes" in their mock obituary after England lost to Australia in the 19th Century? The Sporting Times
What were the name of the four ghosts who tried to catch Pac-man in the legendary video game? Inky, Pinky, Blinky and Clyde
Which English figure skating coach coached Torville and Dean? Betty Callaway
The Vindhya Range is in which country? India
Who is the "destroyer of evil and the transformer" within the Trimurti, the Hindu trinity that includes Brahma and Vishnu? Shiva
Who wrote seven books featuring the character Emma Harte, the first "A Woman of Substance"? Barbara Taylor Bradford
In which city was author CS Forester born? Cairo
What were the two forenames 'CS' in the name of author CS Forester? Cecil Scott
Which Chinese American cinematographer who worked on over 130 films was nominated for 10 Academy Awards for cinematography, winning twice for The Rose Tattoo (1955) and Hud (1963)? James Wong Howe
Traddles and Steerforth were the two very different schoolfriends of which fictional character? David Copperfield
What was the title of Eric Sykes' 2005 autobiography? If I Don't Write It, Nobody Else Will
What was the original name of "The Morning Star" newspaper when launched in the UK in 1930? The Daily Worker
Who was the second English Nobel Literature laureate, after Kipling? John Galsworthy (1932)
Who was the second ruler of India's Mauryan Empire, he was the son of Chandragupta, and the father of Ashoka? Bindusara
Which city did Clovis, King of the Franks, make his capital in 508CE? Paris
Which river flows through Antwerp, Ghent and Cambrai? Scheldt
Which river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea, flows through Sedan, Namur, Liege and Maastricht? Meuse
Clovis, King of the Franks, was a member of which ruling dynasty? Merovingians
Give a year in the life of Clovis I, king of the Franks. 466-511
The subtitle of which book, written in the 5th century CE, is "Against the Pagans"? City of God
Who baptised St Augustine of Hippo in 387CE? St Ambrose
Which ancient Berber kingdom was located in what is now Algeria and a smaller part of Tunisia and Libya, had a capital at Cirta, and was annexed by the Roman Empire in 40BCE? Numidia
Which prolific early Christian author from Carthage in the Roman province of Africa, called "the father of Western theology" wrote "Apologeticus pro Christianis" and "De Spectaculis"? Tertullian
Associated with the development of the concept of "lebensraum", enthusiastically adopted by the Nazis, which German wrote "The Sea As A Source of The Greatness of a People" (1901) and "Political Geography" (1897)? Friedrich Ratzel
Which German geographer was a teacher to Rudolf Hess and inspired many of Nazism's expansionist strategies? He committed suicide in 1946 after his son's execution in 1945 for his part in the plot to kill Hitler. Karl Haushofer
In which year did Rudolf Hess fly to Scotland in a solo attempt to negotiate peace with the UK? 1941
In which year was NATO founded with the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty? 1949
What was the name of President Carter's Polish-born national security adviser who wrote "Grand Failure: The Birth and Death of Communism in the Twentieth Century"? Zbigniew Brzezinski
Which world leader coined the term "Axis of Good" in 2008, to describe the governments of Bolivia, Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Uruguay and Venezuela? Hugo Chavez
In which country was former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger born? Germany
Which capital letter, when worn on certain decorations awarded by the United States Armed Forces, distinguishes an award for heroism or valour in combat instead of for meritorious service or achievement? V
What is the common name of the class Myxini (also known as Hyperotreti), the only known animals with a skull but no vertebral column? Hagfish
Matt Berninger fronts which indie band, whose albums include "Sad Songs for Dirty Lovers" (2003), "Boxer" (2007) and "Sleep Well Beast" (2017)? The National
Which country's flag features a mosque? Afghanistan
What is the name of the thunder dragon who appears on the flag of Bhutan? Druk
Also featuring a white dragon, the flag of Bhutan is divided diagonally into halves of which two colours? Orange and yellow
The flag of Bolivia features which two animals, on the coat of arms? Andean condor and alpaca
The flag of Bolivia is divided into three horizontal bands of which colours? Red, yellow and green
Possibly representing the Inca God Inti, which national emblem of Argentina and Uruguay appears on both countries' flags? Sun of May
Armenia's flag is three horizontal bands of which colours? Red, blue and orange
The Southern Cross appears on the right hand side of the Australian flag, but the largest of its six stars, directly underneath the Union Jack is not part of the cross, and is known by what name? Commonwealth Star
The flag of Austria is based on the coat of arms of which dynasty, that was replaced by the Habsburgs in the 13th century? Babenberg
The flag of which country features a black trident in the central one of three vertical stripes, of blue, yellow and blue as seen from left to right? Barbados
What is the SI unit of pressure? Pascal
Which UK organisation uses the motto "sure and steadfast"? Boys Brigade
Turing and Church independently proved the impossibility of which problem proposed by David Hilbert? The problem asked for an algorithm that could determine whether or not a mathematical assertion has a proof. Entscheidungsproblem [accept decision problem]
Polaris is located in which constellation? Ursa Minor
In Britain, what does a circular road sign with a white number on a blue background represent? Minimum speed limit
As of 2017, who is the youngest undisputed heavyweight boxing champion? Floyd Patterson
Richard Strauss’s Metamorphosen, written in 1945 for 23 solo strings, concludes with a direct quotation from the second movement funeral march of which earlier German composer’s Eroica symphony? Beethoven
According to "the language of flowers" what is signified by an oak leaf? Bravery
Which company, now named after its founder, started life as the "British and North American Royal Mail Steam-Packet Company"? Cunard
Which American minimalist composer’s work for solo piano includes a series of 5 pieces inspired by and named for Kafka’s novella The Metamorphosis? Philip Glass
In 1967, which Soviet became the first human to die in a space flight? Vladimir Komarov
Symphonic Metamorphosis of Themes by Carl Maria von Weber is an orchestral work by which German composer, whose other works include Der Schwanendreher for viola and orchestra and the song cycle Das Marienleben? Paul Hindemith
How is the animal also called "Sibbald's Rorqual" better known? Blue Whale
Which quadrilateral shape has four sides of the same length, but no internal right angles? Rhombus
Which American high-intensity fitness trainer and motivational speaker developed the Focus T25, Insanity, and Hip-Hop Abs programmes for the Beachbody brand, in which he often asks his viewers to “come on y’all” and “dig deeper”? Shaun T (Shaun Thompson)
What was the real name of the TV personality "Mr Motivator"? Derrick Evans
The Gulf of Gabes lies off the coast of which country? Tunisia
Its name derived from Middle German for "spark", which rock type, formed by high-grade regional metamorphic processes from pre-existing formations that were originally either igneous or sedimentary rocks, is often foliated? Gneiss
The main ferry service across the Cook Strait operates between Wellington and which city on New Zealand’s South Island? Picton
Skirts and dresses that are fitted at the hips and gradually widen towards the hem are called what, the name part-derived from a letter they apparently resemble? A-Line
Which company is the major operator of passenger and vehicle ferries between the Scottish mainland and the islands of the west coast? Caledonian MacBrayne
Although there is also a yellow version, Chartreuse gives its name to a shade of which colour? Green
Which banana-flavoured, bright green liqueur is produced by the Dutch company Lucas Bols and is based on an old Indonesian recipe? Pisang Ambon
What was famously invented by William Oughtred in 1632? Slide Rule
Which animal is sometimes known to hunters as the "carcajou"? Wolverine
In which part of the human body is the "tragus" found? Ear
By what name is the tree the "betula pendula" better known? Silver Birch
Which ITV detective series, running since 1997, has a theme tune composed by Jim Parker and played on a Theremin by Celia Sheen? Midsomer Murders
Which Alfred Hitchcock film of 1945, centred on a mental asylum and starring Ingrid Bergman and Gregory Peck, makes extensive use of the Theremin in a score by Miklos Rosza? Spellbound
"Herpetophobia" is the morbid fear of what? Snakes and reptiles
The name of which bird, found in the UK, ultimately derives from the Latin for "bull bellow"? Bittern
Which eunuch was a favourite of the Yongle emperor and helped him overthrow his nephew to seize the throne? He also led 7 “treasure voyages” to places as distant as Hormuz, Java, Mecca, and Mogadishu. Zheng He
What is the name of the female equivalent of the Oedipus Complex? Electra Complex
What colour are the petals of the flower "Black Eyed Susan"? Yellow
The Chinese Qing emperor Qianlong commissioned one of which type of works, the Siku Quanshu, which was the largest until the 21st century? Encyclopedia
Launched in 1946, what was the only ship of her class, the biggest and fastest of the Royal Navy's battleships, and the last battleship to be launched in the world? HMS Vanguard
Which perfume house created the "Red Door" perfume? Elizabeth Arden
Which indie-folk singer-songwriter was nominated for the Mercury Prize in 2012 for his album Every Kingdom, which featured the singles "Wolves" and "Only Love"? Ben Howard
What name is given to the experiment first performed by Thomas Young in 1803, demonstrating the wave-like nature of visible light by shining it through a pair of holes to create an interference pattern rather than 2 bright spots? Double-slit experiment
What name is given to any wave whose dispersion is cancelled exactly by non-linear effects, such that it maintains its shape while travelling at a constant velocity? An example is the tidal bore on the River Severn. Soliton
The velocity of a wave can be calculated as the product of its frequency and which other property? Wavelength
Which British cyclist got into hot water over his therapeutic use exemption for an intramuscular injection of triamcinolone to treat his asthma immediately before the 2012 Tour de France, which he ultimately won? Bradley Wiggins
Which British cyclist failed a drugs test for terbutaline during the 2016 Paris-Nice road race, having used an asthma inhaler for which his team doctor had not obtained a therapeutic use exemption? Simon Yates
Which British cyclist had a therapeutic use exemption for salmeterol and salbutamol from 2009 to 2013, winning 2 of 4 Olympic gold medals in the period? Laura Kenny (Laura Trott)
Which Florentine Renaissance sculptor developed a form of very shallow bas-relief known as stiacciato, which can be seen in works such as The Feast of Herod and the tomb of Cardinal Rainaldo Brancacci? Donatello
Which large stone frieze surrounding the base of London’s Albert Memorial features 169 life-size figures, and was described by its designer, George Gilbert Scott, as “perhaps one of the most laborious works of sculpture ever undertaken”? Frieze of Parnassus
Which group of Babylonian gods, including Enki and Enlil, were unexpectedly revealed by David Icke to be 4-dimensional shape-shifting reptiles who rule the world? Annunaki
Which religion uses 'Babylon' as a catch-all term to describe systems of oppression, including Western society in general and the police in particular? Rastafarianism
Which sadistic, genius serial-killer from a horror franchise tries to force others to appreciate their life after he was diagnosed with a brain tumour? Jigsaw (from Saw)
Which American sitcom starred Eddie Albert and Eva Gabor as a rich couple from New York City who moved to a rural farm? It was set in the same area as Petticoat Junction and The Beverley Hillbillies. Green Acres
After Hydrogen and Helium, which element, with atomic number 8, is the third most common element by mass in the Sun’s photosphere? Oxygen
Name either of the two scientists generally credited with the discovery of Helium, having observed its spectral lines in 1868. Joseph Norman Lockyer or Pierre Janssen
What was the name of the film production company established in 1943 by Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger? The name is now better known in another context. The Archers
Born 704CE in Medina, and dying in Baghdad, which Arab Muslim historian and hagiographer collected oral traditions that formed the basis of an important biography of the Islamic prophet Muhammad? Ibn Ishaq
The Prophet Muhammad belonged to which mercantile tribe of the Arabian peninsula? Quraysh
In "Ill Met by Moonlight" Dirk Bogarde played which real-life British military officer who abducted a German general in Crete? He was better known in later years as a travel writer. Patrick Leigh Fermor
In Irish mythology, which god cast a sling through the evil and destructive eye of Balor at the battle of Mag Tuired? Lugh (or Lug)
In Greek myth, Perseus forced the Graeae to tell him how to kill Medusa by stealing the one eye that they shared between them. The Graeae also shared a single one of what other body part? Tooth
What was the name of the uncle of the Prophet Muhammad, who was the leader of Banu Hashim, a clan of the Qurayshi tribe of Mecca in the Hijaz, and who acted as a protector to his young nephew? Abu Talib
Called "mother of the believers" in Islam, who was the first wife and follower of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad? Khadija (bint Khuwaylid)
Despite speculation for decades that he was innocent, DNA finally proved in 2002 that which man, hanged in 1962, was indeed the A6 murderer? James Hanratty
Passengers from flight BA149 were taken hostage when it landed in which city in 1990? Kuwait City
The priest John Ballard was involved in which 1586 plot to overthrow Elizabeth I? Babington Plot
Five ministers of which British monarch were known as the 'cabal' because their surnames were Clifford, Arlington, Buckingham, Abbey and Lauderdale? Charles II
Who played Captain Mainwaring in the UK TV series "Dad's Army"? Arthur Lowe
What nationality were Roald Dahl's parents? Norwegian
From which work is the line "each man kills the thing he loves" taken? The Ballad of Reading Gaol
Which boy's comic was founded by clergyman Marcus Morris in 1950? Eagle
Which British society, founded 1884, was named after a 3rd century BC Roman General, who used a process of attrition to defeat Hannibal? Fabian Society (Fabius Cunctator)
The G7 consists of France, Germany, Japan, the UK, the US and which other two nations? Italy, Canada
Taking part in 1957, who was the first person to represent the UK in the Eurovision Song Contest? Patricia Bredin
Ellas Otha Bates, born December 30, 1928, became famous under what name? Bo Diddley
The device's invention has been popularly attributed to Mary the Jewess, an ancient alchemist – which container used for boiling consists of a large vessel containing boiling water into which a smaller one is placed? Bain-marie
What is the Japanese name for the pufferfish, considered a delicacy but fatal if prepared incorrectly? Fugu
A 'moot spoon' is used for what specific purpose? Removing tea leaves from cups of tea
What is the predominant flavour of Cointreau? Orange
Which musical term originally described the movement of a ship on the ocean, but was used by the early twentieth century, both to describe the spiritual fervour of black church rituals and as a sexual analogy? Rock and roll
His name is Greek and literally means "the one that holds everything", who is the patron saint of oaths? St Pancras
The Pfund scale, ranging from 'water white' to 'dark amber', is used to classify which foodstuff? Honey
Who had a UK number 11 in 1980 with "All Out Of Love"? Air Supply
In physics, which term refers to the emission or transmission of energy in the form of waves or particles through space or through a material medium? Radiation
The proton-proton chain reaction in the Sun (and all stars) where hydrogen is converted into helium, results also in the release of which two subatomic particles? A positron and a neutrino
What name is given to the transition region of the Sun between the radiative interior and the differentially rotating outer convective zone? Tachocline
Sitting just above the photosphere and below the solar transition region which part of the sun's atmosphere is rosy red in colour, although this is only apparent during eclipses? Chromosphere
Although none are known, because the theoretical time needed for them to form is longer than the age of the universe, all white dwarves are believed to eventually become which theoretical stellar remnant? Black Dwarf
The core left by a supernova can create what, if it possesses between about 1.4 and 3 times the mass of the Sun? Anything greater than 3 solar masses usually forms a black hole. Neutron Star
The son musical genre, traditionally played by a sextet, originated in the highlands of which country in the 19th century? Cuba
Pepe Sanchez, born Jose Sanchez (Santiago de Cuba, 19 March 1856 – 3 January 1918), is known as the father of which Cuban musical style of singer-songwritership? Trova
Known variously as El Barbaro del Ritmo and El Sonero Mayo, which Cuban singer, bandleader and songwriter (1919-63) led the Banda Gigante? Benny More
Greek for 'nibbling', which bird family includes the quetzals and the Cuban national bird? Trogons (Cuban trogon is the national bird)
Who was the host of NBC's Texaco Star Theater (1948–55) and known to millions of viewers as "Mr. Television" during TV's golden age? Milton Berle
Dying aged 45 from a gunshot that may have been a suicide, which actor was best known for his role as Superman in the 1950s television program "Adventures of Superman"? George Reeves
Which 1954 Hitchcock film was made in 3D, and is thus considered one of the best 3D films ever? It starred Ray Milland and Grace Kelly and was based on a play by Edward Knott. Dial M For Murder
A leading figure in the New York School, which US poet and art critic died aged 40, in 1966, when he was struck by a Jeep? Frank O'Hara
Which musical term originally applied to the instrumental introduction to an opera, but later came to be applied to independent instrumental, programmatic works that presaged genres such as the symphonic poem, usually played at a programme's start? Overture
Which American poet closely associated with modernism and imagism (1883-1963) was also a practicing doctor? William Carlos Williams
Which Riga-born ballet dancer, often cited as one of the best ever, received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor and a Golden Globe nomination for his work as "Yuri Kopeikine" in the film The Turning Point? Mikhail Baryshnikov
Often called "The Hindi Oscars", which film awards for Hindi cinema were first given out in 1954? The Filmfare Awards (aka Clares)
Which Indian actress achieved fame when she landed the lead female role of Mohini in N. Chandra's romantic thriller Tezaab opposite Anil Kapoor, in 1988? Madhuri Dixit
A five time Tony winner, and winner of a 1961 Oscar for Best Director (shared with Robert Wise) for "West Side Story" which choreographer also worked on The Pajama Game, Fiddler On The Roof and many others? Jerome Robbins
Which Franco-American actress and dancer is best known for the musical films An American in Paris (1951), Lili (1953), Daddy Long Legs (1955), and Gigi (1958)? Leslie Caron
"I'll Build a Stairway to Paradise", "Tra-la-la (This Time It's Really Love)" and "Embraceable You" are all three songs from which musical? An American In Paris
Who played Leo Percepied, a pseudonym of Jack Kerouac, in the 1960 film "The Subterraneans"? George Peppard
What was the title of the 1951 American drama film based on the 1925 novel An American Tragedy by Theodore Dreiser, directed by George Stevens? A Place In The Sun
What name is given to a traditional Hawaiian party or feast that is usually accompanied by entertainment? Luau
Which actor directed one film, the thriller "The Night of the Hunter"? Charles Laughton
Who wrote the autobiographical novel "A Death In The Family", published in 1957? James Agee
The Robert Mitchum thriller "A Night In The Hunter" was based on a book by who? Davis Grubb
Which Hungarian-born British film producer and director directed 1933's "The Private Life of Henry VIII", and was the first film-maker to be knighted? Alexander Korda
What the largest tributary, by volume, of the Mississippi River in the United States? Ohio River

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