Photosynthesis Stack

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Term Definition
Photosynthesis The process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water.
Cellular Respiration The chemical process that generates most of the energy in the cell.
Chloroplast An organelle that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place. (Only in plant cells)
Chlorophyll A green pigment, present in all green plants, responsible for the absorption of light to provide energy for photosynthesis.
Glucose A simple sugar that is an important energy source in living organisms and is a component of many carbohydrates.
Mitochondria An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur.
Photosynthesis Equation 6CO2 + 6H2O + Light —> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Respiration Equation C6H12O6 + 6O2 —> 6CO2 + 6H2O + ATP
Carbon Dioxide A colorless, odorless gas produced by burning carbon and organic compounds and by respiration. It is absorbed by plants in photosynthesis.
Diffusion The spreading of something more widely.
Osmosis A process by which molecules of a solvent tend to pass through a semipermeable membrane from a less concentrated solution into a more concentrated one, thus equalizing the concentrations on each side of the membrane.
Active Transport The movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into a region of higher concentration, assisted by enzymes and requiring energy.

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