photosynthesis Vocabulary words

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Term Definition
Photosynthesis the complex process by which carbon dioxide, water, and certain inorganic salts are converted into carbohydrates by green plants, algae, and certain bacteria, using energy from the sun and chlorophyll.
Cellular Respiration the oxidation of organic compounds that occurs within cells, producing energy for cellular processes.
Chloroplast a plastid containing chlorophyll.
Chlorophyll the green coloring matter of leaves and plants
Glucose a sugar
Mitochondria an organelle in the cytoplasm of cells that functions in energy production
Photosynthesis Equation water+carbon dioxide+light=carbon dioxide+glucose
Respiration Equation oxygen+glucose=water+carbon dioxide+energy
Carbon Dioxide a colorless, odorless, incombustible gas, CO 2 , present in the atmosphere and formed during respiration
Diffusion act of diffusion
Osmosis moving from high concentration to low concentration
Active Transport the movement of ions or molecules across a cellular membrane from a lower to a higher concentration, requiring the consumption of energy.

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