Section 3 Vocab

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Term Definition
Photosynthesis The process by which plants convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into food energy (sugar), oxygen and water.
Cellular Respiration The process in which the chemical energy of "food" molecules is released and changed into ATP.
Chloroplast An elongated cell organelle containing chlorophyll where photosynthesis takes place.
Chlorophyll A green molecule which uses light energy from sunlight to change water and carbon dioxide gas into sugar and oxygen.
Glucose Food for the plant.
Mitochondria Rod-Shaped organelles with a double membrane which converts the energy stored in glucose into ATP for the cell.
Photosynthesis Equation H2O + CO2 + light –> O2 + C6H12O6
Respiration Equation O2 + C6H12O6 –> H2O + CO2 + ATP
Carbon Dioxide M
Diffusion Movement in molecules in which they are highly concentrated to an area in which they are less concentrated.
Osmosis The diffusion of water across a selectively premable membrane.
Active Transport

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