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Term Definition
Thomas Paine and Common Sense Common Sense challenged the authority of the British government and the royal monarchy.
Declaration of Independence The thirteen American colonies, then at war with the Kingdom of Great Britain, regarded themselves as thirteen independent sovereign states.
Shay’s Rebellion Shays' Rebellion is the name given to a series of protests in 1786 and 1787 by American farmers against state and local enforcement of tax collections and judgments for debt.
Reasons why American Colonists settled where they did The King issued the Proclamation of 1763 prohibiting settlements beyond the Appalachian Mountains.
Foundations of American Democracy Based on the Enlightenment values of liberty, equality, and a new form of justice.
Why did the Anti-Federalists oppose the ratification of the Constitution in 1787? They complained that the new system threatened liberties, and failed to protect individual rights.
Louisiana Purchase The Louisiana Purchase was the acquisition of the Louisiana territory by the United States from France in 1803.
Missouri Compromise of 1820 In an effort to preserve the balance of power in Congress between slave and free states, the Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state.
Compromise of 1850 As part of the Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act was amended and the slave trade in Washington, D.C., was abolished.
Manifest Destiny Manifest Destiny is a term for the attitude prevalent during the 19th century period of American expansion that the United States not only could, but was destined to, stretch from coast to coast.
Economic differences of the North and South prior to the Civil War There was great wealth in the South, but it was primarily tied up in the slave economy. The North had factories and large cities to make money from.
Lincoln’s goal in the Civil War To preserve the union.
Seneca Falls Convention The Seneca Falls Convention was the first women's rights convention. It advertised itself as "a convention to discuss the social, civil, and religious condition and rights of woman".
Reconstruction Period The process of rebuilding the South after union victory.
President Andrew Johnson and the Reconstruction Period In 1865 President Andrew Johnson implemented a plan of Reconstruction that gave the white South a free hand in regulating the transition from slavery to freedom and offered no role to blacks in the politics of the South.
Result of the Civil War With the defeat of the Southern Confederacy, the Civil War's lasting effects include abolishing the institution of slavery in America and firmly redefining the United States as a single, indivisible nation rather than loosely bound
Black Codes In the United States, the Black Codes were laws passed by Democrat-controlled Southern states in 1865 and 1866, and ended in 1877 because of the Reconstruction after the Civil War.
Native Americans Natives were forced off of their lands by colonists.
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 It was the first significant law restricting immigration into the United States.
Indian Wars between 1860-1890 'The Indian Wars' were a series of battles between Native Americans and US forces
Homestead Act of 1862 the Homestead Act encouraged Western migration by providing settlers 160 acres of public land.
Transcontinental Railroad The First Transcontinental Railroad was a 1,912-mile continuous railroad line constructed between 1863 and 1869
Development of the Great Plains Until well into the 19th cent., the central Great Plains were called the Great American Desert. The first westward-bound pioneers bypassed the Great Plains. The railroads were largely responsible for their development after the Civil War.
Tenements A tenement is a multi-occupancy building of any sort. However in the United States it has come to mean a run-down apartment building, a slum.
Economic impact of the Civil War The Civil War greatly improved the economy of the North but harmed the economy of the South
Reconstruction goals after the Civil War The goal, of President Lincoln and his supporters, was to rejoin all of the states to the Union and to help rebuild the "South".
Three-fifths Compromise The population of slaves would be counted as three-fifths in total when apportioning Representatives, as well as Presidential electors and taxes.
Women's’ Suffrage Movement Women's suffrage is the right of women to vote in elections.
Battleship Maine USS Maine is an American naval ship that sank in Havana Harbor during the Cuban revolt against Spain, an event that became a major political issue in the United States.
Why was the North worried about Great Britain during the Civil War? During the Civil War, Union forces established a blockade of Confederate ports designed to prevent the export of cotton and the smuggling of war materiel into the Confederacy.
Impressments The act of taking men into a military or naval force by compulsion, with or without notice.
Trail of Tears The Trail of Tears was a series of forced removals of Native American nations from their ancestral homelands in the Southeastern United States to an area west of the Mississippi River that had been designated as Indian Territory.
Why did the South secede from the Union? The force of events moved very quickly upon the election of Lincoln. South Carolina acted first, calling for a convention to secede from the Union. State by state, conventions were held, and the Confederacy was formed.
Emancipation Proclamation changed the federal legal status of more than 3 million enslaved people in the designated areas of the South from slave to free.
Why could Lincoln not carry out his plan of Reconstruction? He was assassinated.
Mukrackers reform-minded American journalists who attacked established institutions and leaders as corrupt.
Who had great job opportunities during WWI when they did not before the war? Women
Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.
Why did US enter WWI? The United States entered the war because of the Germans' decision to resume the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare
League of Nations an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
Americans reaction to WWI The American reaction to the outbreak of war in Europe in 1914 is always portrayed as one of shock and horror.
Lusitania sinking U-Boats Sink the Lusitania in 1915. When Germany torpedoes a British passenger ship believed to be smuggling arms, anger at the resulting American deaths increases pressure on President Wilson to enter World War I.
Zimmermann Telegram a secret diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January 1917 that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico in the prior event of the United States entering World War I against Germany.

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