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Reasons why American Colonists settled where they did Britain wanted to control expansion into the western territories. The King issued the Proclamation of 1763 prohibiting settlements beyond the Appalachian Mountains.
Foundations of American Democracy The Enlightenment ideals of liberty, equality, and justice helped to create the conditions for the American Revolution and the subsequent Constitution. Democracy was not created in a heartbeat.
Why did the Anti-Federalists opposed the ratification of the Constitution in 1787? They complained that the new system threatened liberties, and failed to protect individual rights. … One faction opposed the Constitution because they thought stronger government threatened the sovereignty of the states.
Thomas Paine and Common Sense Common Sense challenged the authority of the British government and the royal monarchy. The plain language that Paine used spoke to the common people of America and was the first work to openly ask for independence from Great Britain.
Declaration of Independence Announced that the thirteen American colonies,[2] then at war with the Kingdom of Great Britain, regarded themselves as thirteen independent sovereign states, no longer under British rule.
Shay’s Rebellion Shays' Rebellion was an armed uprising in Massachusetts during 1786 and 1787. Revolutionary War veteran Daniel Shays led four thousand rebels in an uprising against perceived economic and civil rights injustices.
Louisiana Purchase The acquisition of the Louisiana territory by the United States from France in 1803. The U.S. paid fifty million francs and a cancellation of debts worth eighteen million francs for a total of sixty-eight million francs.
Missouri Compromise of 1820 The Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state.
Compromise of 1850 The Fugitive Slave Act was amended and the slave trade in Washington, D.C., was abolished.
Manifest Destiny Manifest Destiny is a term for the attitude prevalent during the 19th century period of American expansion that the United States not only could, but was destined to, stretch from coast to coast.
Economic differences of the North and South prior to the Civil War The South had better generals and more money. The North had all the factories and the food source.
Lincoln’s goal in the Civil War Lincoln’s goal in the Civil War was to save the Union and keep it as one.
Seneca Falls Convention The Seneca Falls Convention was the first women's rights convention. It advertised itself as "a convention to discuss the social, civil, and religious condition and rights of woman."
Reconstruction Period the process of rebuilding the South during the Reconstruction period
President Andrew Johnson and the Reconstruction Period President Andrew Johnson implemented a plan of Reconstruction that gave the white South a free hand in regulating the transition from slavery to freedom and offered no role to blacks in the politics of the South.
Result of the Civil War Amendments to the Constitution, the Civil War's lasting effects include abolishing the institution of slavery in America and firmly redefining the United States as a single, indivisible nation rather than a loosely bound .
Black Codes The Black Codes were laws passed by Democrat-controlled Southern states in 1865 and 1866, and ended in 1877 because of the Reconstruction after the Civil War.
Native Americans American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 It was the first significant law restricting immigration into the United States, for the Chinese specifically.
Indian Wars between 1860-1890 They were wars the Indians started because of the anger they felt due to being moved around and not given a spot to settle forever.
Homestead Act of 1862 The Homestead Act encouraged Western migration by providing settlers 160 acres of public land.
Transcontinental Railroad A continuous railroad line constructed between 1863 and 1869 that connected the existing eastern U.S. rail network at Omaha, Nebraska/Council Bluffs, Iowa with the Pacific coast at the Oakland Long Wharf on San Francisco Bay.
Development of the Great Plains The Seaway's bottom filled with sediment to create a flat bed. The Farallon Plate let go of the North American Plate and the area rebounded to be above sea level again, as a flat expanse of land. Erosion then began creating rolling hills.
Three-fifths Compromise A compromise reached between delegates from southern states and those from northern states during the 1787 United States Constitutional Convention.
Reconstruction goals after the Civil War The goal, of President Lincoln and his supporters, was to rejoin all of the states to the Union and to help rebuild the "South".
Economic impact of the Civil War The first and most important point is that the Civil War was expensive. In 1860 the U.S. national debt was $65 million.
Tenements A tenement is a multi-occupancy building of any sort. However in the United States it has come to mean a run-down apartment building, a slum.
Women's’ Suffrage Movement The suffrage movement in the United States gained prominence with the first women's rights convention in the world.
Battleship Maine An American naval ship that sank in Havana Harbor during the Cuban revolt against Spain, an event that became a major political issue in the United States.
Why was the North worried about Great Britain during the Civil War? They were afraid Britain would intervene, they supported the confederacy, they wanted them to keep slave trade because it was convenient for Britain
Impressments Refers to the act of taking men into a military or naval force by compulsion, with or without notice.
Trail of Tears A series of forced removals of Native American nations from their ancestral homelands in the Southeastern United States to an area west of the Mississippi River that had been designated as Indian Territory.
Why did the South secede from the Union? Convinced that their way of life, based on slavery, was irretrievably threatened by the election of President Abraham Lincoln
Emancipation Proclamation A presidential proclamation and executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863.
Why could Lincoln not carry out his plan of Reconstruction? The Ten-Percent Plan was more of a political maneuver than a plan for Reconstruction. Lincoln wanted to end the war quickly. He feared that a protracted war would lose public support and lead to the North and South fighting again.
Muckrakers Characterize reform-minded American journalists who attacked established institutions and leaders as corrupt.
Who had great job opportunities during WWI when they did not before the war? The women had great opportunities since the men went out to fight, the women had an opportunity to take these jobs.
Treaty of Versailles The most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers.
Why did US enter WWI? Wilson cited Germany's violation of its pledge to suspend unrestricted submarine warfare in the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean, as well as its attempts to entice Mexico into an alliance against the United States, as his reasons for declaring war.
League of Nations An intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
Americans reaction to WWI This was a good reaction from them since going into this war, meant more work and a better economy for the U.S. .
Lusitania sinking Germany waged submarine warfare against the United Kingdom which had implemented a naval blockade of Germany.
Zimmermann Telegram A secret diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January 1917 that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico in the prior event of the United States entering World War I against Germany.

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