The Executive Branch

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Term Definition
Administration The officials in the executive branch of government under a particular chief executive.
Ambassador A person who acts as a representative or promoter of a specified activity.
Biennial A person who acts as a representative or promoter of a specified activity.
Budget An estimate of income for a set period of time.
Bereaucracy A system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives.
Cabinet A body of advisers to the president, composed of the heads of the executive departments of the government.
Checks and Balances Given to the branches to keep from overpowering each other.
Commission A government agency or board empowered to exercise administrative, judicial, or legislative authority.
Commute Reduce a judicial sentence, especially a sentence of death to one less severe.
Diplomacy Skill of managing international relations, typically by a country's representatives abroad.
Electoral College A body of people representing the states of the US, who formally cast votes for the election of the president and vice president.
Electors A person who has the right to vote in an election.
Embassy The official residence or offices of an ambassador.
Executive Agencies A part of a government department that is treated as managerially and budgetarily separate.
Executive Department The branch of federal and state government that is broadly responsible for implementing, supporting, and enforcing the laws made by the legislative branch and interpreted by the judicial branch.
Federalism The federal principle or system of government.
Government The governing body of a nation, state, or community.
Impeach To accuse an official of wrong-doing.
Order of Succession The sequence of those entitled to hold a high office such as head of state or an honour.
Pardon A government decision to allow a person who has been convicted of a crime to be free and absolved of that conviction, as if never convicted.
Regulatory Commission An organization created by the government with the purpose of enforcing specific regulations on a certain part of the economy.
Reprieve A cancellation or postponement of a punishment
State of the Union Giving the administration's view of the state of the nation and plans for legislation.
Separation of Powers An act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
Veto A constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body.

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