Unit 4 vocab

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Term Definition
administration the officials in the executive branch of government under a particular chief executive.
ambassador a person who acts as a representative or promoter of a specified activity.
biennial taking place every other year.
budget an estimate of income and expenditure for a set period of time.
bureaucracy a system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives.
Cabinet a body of advisers to the president, composed of the heads of the executive departments of the government.
checks and balances keeps each branch from becoming to powerful.
commission an instruction, command, or duty given to a person or group of people.
commute reduce (a judicial sentence, especially a sentence of death) to one less severe.
diplomacy the profession, activity, or skill of managing international relations, typically by a country's representatives abroad.
Electoral College a body of electors chosen or appointed by a larger group.
electors a person who has the right to vote in an election.
embassy a deputation or mission sent by one ruler or state to another.
executive agencies a part of a government department that is treated as managerially and budgetarily separate.
executive departments responsible for implementing and enforcing the laws written by Congress
federalism the federal principle or system of government
government the governing body of a nation, state, or community.
impeach charge (the holder of a public office) with misconduct.
order of succession the sequence of those entitled to hold a high office such as head of state or an honour
pardon a government decision to allow a person who has been convicted of a crime, to be free and absolved of that conviction.
regulatory commission a United States government agency.
reprieve a cancellation or postponement of a punishment.
State of the Union a yearly address delivered each January by the president of the US to Congress, giving the administration's view of the state of the nation and plans for legislation.
separation of powers an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
veto a constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making.

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