unit 4 vocabulary

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Term Definition
administration the executive branch of the U.S. government as headed by the president and in power during his or her term of office
ambassador a diplomatic official of the highest rank sent by a government to represent it on a temporary mission, as for negotiating a treaty
biennial happening every two years
budget the total sum of money set aside or needed for a purpose
bureaucracy excessive multiplication of, and concentration of power in, administrative bureaus or administrators
Cabinet a council advising a president, sovereign, etc., especially the group of ministers or executives responsible for the government of a nation.
checks and balances limits imposed on all branches of a government by vesting in each branch the right to amend or void those acts of another that fall within its purview
commission an authoritative order, charge, or direction
commute to change (a prison sentence or other penalty) to a less severe one
diplomacy the conduct by government officials of negotiations and other relations between nations
electoral college a body of electors chosen by the voters in each state to elect the president and vice president of the U.S.
electors a person who elects or may elect, especially a qualified voter
embassy a body of persons entrusted with a mission to a sovereign or government, especially an ambassador and his or her staff.
executive agencies An agency of the executive branch of government
executive departments a body of advisers to the president, composed of the heads of the executive departments of the government
federalism advocacy of the federal system of government
government the political direction and control exercised over the actions of the members, citizens, or inhabitants of communities, societies, and states; direction of the affairs of a state, community, etc.; political administration
impeach to accuse (a public official) before an appropriate tribunal of misconduct in office
order of succession a decision or direction of a court or judge entered on the court record but not included in the final judgment
pardon a release from the penalty of an offense; a remission of penalty, as by a governor
regulatory commission an organization created by the government with the purpose of enforcing specific regulations on a certain part of the economy
reprieve to delay the impending punishment or sentence of (a condemned person)
state of the union an annual message to Congress in which the president reports on the state of the nation and outlines a legislative program: required by the Constitution (Article II, Section 3)
separation of powers the principle or system of vesting in separate branches the executive, legislative, and judicial powers of a government
veto the power or right vested in one branch of a government to cancel or postpone the decisions, enactments, etc., of another branch, especially the right of a president, governor, or other chief executive to reject bills passed by the legislature

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